Although it became widely popular in Italy shortly after its introduction, Alan Ford remained relatively unknown outside Italy. The French , Danish and Brazilian editions soon failed but the only other foreign edition, in SFR Yugoslavia , was a huge success, becoming and remaining one of the most popular comic books in the former country and its successors. Although the initial plot in the first few episodes develops around an agent called Alan Ford, he is later just one of the central group of characters: Group TNT is an assembly of misfit secret agents, who operate from a flower shop in New York City , United States, which they use as a front for their secret headquarters. They are incompetent and lazy, yet intelligent and cunning, especially when it suits their own personal interests. Their outlandish biographies are dwarfed by that of their iron-fisted and shrewd leader, the wheelchair-ridden Number One, a Methusalem character who embezzles the millions paid to the group by American government or city fathers for secret missions, while paying a pittance to his agents. The comic book ridicules aspects of American society, including capitalism and racism.
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Although it became widely popular in Italy shortly after its introduction, Alan Ford remained relatively unknown outside Italy. The French , Danish and Brazilian editions soon failed but the only other foreign edition, in SFR Yugoslavia , was a huge success, becoming and remaining one of the most popular comic books in the former country and its successors.
Although the initial plot in the first few episodes develops around an agent called Alan Ford, he is later just one of the central group of characters: Group TNT is an assembly of misfit secret agents, who operate from a flower shop in New York City , United States, which they use as a front for their secret headquarters. They are incompetent and lazy, yet intelligent and cunning, especially when it suits their own personal interests.
Their outlandish biographies are dwarfed by that of their iron-fisted and shrewd leader, the wheelchair-ridden Number One, a Methusalem character who embezzles the millions paid to the group by American government or city fathers for secret missions, while paying a pittance to his agents.
The comic book ridicules aspects of American society, including capitalism and racism. There are also editions in Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia at least 4 different editions, as of [update] , Serbia and Slovenia. A Republic of Macedonia edition was also available for a while, and the Serbian editions are now imported into Macedonia and Montenegro, still remaining hugely popular.
The comic book has been adapted to animated film and theater plays, as well as used as a source of inspiration in books and movies. Three years before the comic book was published in May , Max Bunker, along with illustrator Magnus, had the idea to create a satire of James Bond they had previously created a serious spy character, Dennis Cobb. The initial script was written in August and the dialog revised in April The script included six main characters Alan Ford, Bob Rock, Sir Oliver, The Boss, Jeremiah and Grunf , but the creators decided to omit Sir Oliver in the ultimate revision July , for fear of overwhelming readers with characters in the first issue.
According to Max Bunker, he wanted to create a comic book which did not fall into either of the then predefined categories of adventures and dark comics, like Satanik or Kriminal both by Bunker and Raviola , or traditionally funny comics, like Mickey Mouse.
The first issue of the comic book, entitled "Group TNT", was received mildly by its audience. The second issue, entitled "The Rotten Tooth" appeared in June , introduced the Sir Oliver character, and was overshadowed by the first issue's lack of success.
The reputation of Alan Ford grew with subsequent issues. The character of Number One was introduced later into the series, in the 11th issue named "The Number One". Cirano first appeared in the 18th issue "Dog For Million Dollars" , when he was adopted by Bob Rock, albeit unwillingly. Magnus drew the first 75 issues, after which he was replaced by Paolo Piffarerio in Currently the comic book is drawn by Dario Perucca who also draws covers with inks by Omar Pistolato.
In its entire story the drawing style has remained the same set by Magnus. The French and Macedonian editions only saw twelve issues before they got dropped due to poor sales. The Portuguese edition only saw about three issues. It was also translated into Albanian in Serbia which saw only five issues before getting dropped, also due to poor sales.
It survived the dissolution of the country and in it was still one of the best selling comic books in the area. The comic book's publishing was started in by the state-owned company Vjesnik from Zagreb. This edition is still a popular collectors' item. First dozen issues didn't produce much success, however, the appearance in issue 25 of antagonist Superciuk translated as Superhik 'who steals from the poor and gives it to the rich' proved a hit with Yugoslav readership.
A writer himself who penned several comedic novels about the clumsy detective character called Timothy Tacher, Brixy approached the job of translating Alan Ford in a free form and the resulting witty adaptation and imaginative text soon won him many admirers across the country.
Some of Vjesnik's editions were occasionally censored by the publisher. For example, in issue 16, "Don't vote for Notax", a line making fun of American racism , reading "Firstly, I promise that we will get rid of the Blacks.
This is a country of the white race, and who doesn't think that way will get punished This is our country and who doesn't think that way will There is a fake comic in circulation which features Yugoslav lifetime president Josip Broz Tito in a story line in one of the issues.
Tito is portrayed as Number One's old acquaintance who often engaged in shady activities. Brixy died in , marking in many ways the end of an era for Alan Ford in Yugoslavia. Even the comic book's creator Max Bunker acknowledged Brixy's contributions to its popularity in Yugoslavia, praising him as "one of the rare translators who successfully depicted the black satire of the Alan Ford' s story and drawings". After the breakup of Yugoslavia, Borgis picked up the publishing rights for the Croatian market, keeping the original series title Alan Ford Superstrip.
Maverick from Kraljevo initially started publishing for the Serbian market, and the comic was in picked up by Color Press Group from Novi Sad. In the s, the original episodes in Brixy's translation have been republished by Strip-agent in Croatia, under the title Alan Ford Klasik , again with great success and high circulation.
The play was an original story with most of the characters present, largely based on issue 30 "The Bearded Gang" , but with numerous references to other episodes and characters. The play was performed in Croatian, as used by Brixy. In Radio Belgrade produced a radio drama based on the play. As Magnus became better known in France, this edition became a collectors' item.
In , a small independent publisher, Taupinambour , started another edition with new issues. In Brazil , the comic book also debuted in , published by Editora Vecchi , and only lasted for about five issues. In Denmark, Alan Ford was published in by Interpresse under the name Oskar Mortensen, and only lasted for six issues.
Number One real name unknown is the leader of the TNT. He is wheelchair-bound, has a long beard and a bald scalp. Running gag in the series is his age: he claims to be alive well even from the Neanderthal era and to meet various characters from history, such as Nero , Homer and Maximilien Robespierre.
He has a habit of telling stories of his past to his agents, who all fall asleep in the end, causing him to angrily wake them up by brandishing his stick.
Another running gag is his time spent in his wheelchair: in all of the stories, he is still paraplegic, never shown to be able to walk.
He is a major underworld figure, well connected within the NYPD and the United States Army : he is known to have a black book which allegedly contains the secrets and past of every character he met in the comics, which he uses to blackmail them into obedience.
His TNT group is used as a private agency for his contacts, and always requests large amounts of money for the job.
He is extremely greedy and stingy: when Bob Rock requested the TNT's motto to be "All for one, one for all", he cleverly requested the letter O in the first word to be capitalized, leading to be "All for One, one for all"; in context, he gets to keep all the money for himself, while all TNT agents get only a single dollar for the mission.
Despite having a huge personal wealth, he never spends any of it. He operates from a dilapidated flower shop in Brooklyn in which TNT agents reside, while his hideout is in a storage room in the New York subway , which is kept secret to all but TNT agents. Alan Ford is the central character of the series.
He is rather tall, with blonde hair and blue eyes. He usually dresses in a black long-sleeved shirt with black shoes and dark pants. He is the newest member of the T. He is a shy, naive person, and very humble, but one of the most effective agents of the series. He matures during the course of the series and grows to be a tough, smart man. He has a soft side, is rarely angry, and while acknowledging the life under Number One as unfair, he is happy with what he gets.
He grew up in an orphanage and was evicted from a slum due to neglecting bills at the start of the series, and he joined T. T by accident. He is one of the most trusted agents of Number One. Running gag with Alan is his confusion, naive personality, and in particular, his bad luck with women: His love interests turn out to either use his gullible personality for their own agendas, genuinely love him but are criminals who end up imprisoned or on the run, or simply dislike his lack of success and lack of money.
However, his bad luck with women turns for the better when he meets Minuette Macon. The two grow in love and Alan later marries her. Running gag is his looks: he is very short and has an abnormally large nose, which is a butt of many jokes. Another running gag is his very short and nasty temper: he easily gets angry and resorts to violence when provoked, and often has to be restrained by Alan or Oliver in some cases , with a particular weakness for jokes about his nose.
He dresses in tartan clothing, with a red and black hat and a large red cloak. He came from a family of criminals: his father died when he was a child, and his mother died after being riddled by machine gun fire during a botched robbery attempt in his teenage years. He has three younger brothers, a set of triplets called Tim, Tom and Tumb, who are professional criminals and frequently try to use Bob as the scapegoat in their criminal schemes. Despite this, Bob refuses to follow the criminal career path and frequently berates his brothers for it, despite them being clearly more successful than Bob.
He is mostly at odds with Number One for abnormally poor salary and his tyrannical attitude, and he is usually attacked by Number One with his stick when Bob provokes him.
Despite this, he is one of the most trusted TNT agents. He is an avid kleptomaniac : in every issue he is shown stealing. Due to his charming and witty personality, he is very successful in his field, always managing to steal anything, from range of cinema tickets, spare change, wallets, and even larger items and vehicles with success.
Running gag is that, whenever he steals a large number of goods, he phones his never-seen friend Bing to sell him the goods and asks about Bing's brother, who is always in some kind of trouble.
He wears a monocle, a bowler hat and stripped pants with a long coat, vest and a tie, maintaining a stoic, noble appearance, which helps him in his various schemes. He can be described as a gentleman thief. He comes from a wealthy family of Olivers, and his father owned a large business venture that went bankrupt by the time of his death: he and his two brothers went to a life of crime and were very successful while maintaining a noble appearance in the public: however, after they went their own ways, both of his brothers died.
He managed to keep his criminal enterprise secret while being tailed by the police until he was discovered. He was sentenced to life in prison, but he managed to switch seats with an American criminal due to be transferred, and then he freed himself during a flight by parachuting himself out. He landed in New York and he was discovered by Number One while he was trying to hustle a rich businessman, and was persuaded to join TNT.
His lateral thinking, wittiness and ability to save himself quickly from the most complicated situations make him the most valuable agent of TNT, a trait that even Number One acknowledges. Even though he is in charge of the flower shop while Number One is not around, in reality, he is a lazy, fat and aging TNT agent who tries his best to avoid work.
He is at odds with Number One, who despises him for his laziness and inability to perform missions. He usually sleeps in the back of the flower shop, but occasionally joins the other TNT members on large-scale missions. After Bob, he is the most vocal about his salary, but is constantly rebuffed by Number One. His best friend is Jeremiah, but almost constantly bickers with him. He has a hamster named Squitty, and he is very devoted to him and protects him at all costs.
He wears old ruptured pants, a bowler hat, a coat and a cardigan stripped shirt. Jeremiah is an aging member of the TNT. He is an Italian immigrant, and a running gag of the series is that he is an extreme hypochondriac who suffers from many diseases or medical syndromes and sometimes, he even suffers from diseases he invented. He is bald and nearly toothless, and he usually sleeps around in the flower shop with The Boss. He is usually on guard duty and never on active missions due to his age, but sometimes proves crucial to missions.
Nekoč smo Alana Forda brali. Danes ga živimo. #komentar
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