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Based in New Delhi , it was founded in by Swami Agnivesh who continues as its chairman. Bonded labour was legally abolished in India in but remains prevalent, with weak enforcement of the law by state governments. Estimates of the problem vary. Official figures include a estimate of , bonded labourers [1] while BMM says there are 20 - 65 million bonded labourers.

A project by Human Rights Watch has reported a major problem with bonded child labour in the silk industry. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Muralidhar Categories : Political advocacy groups in India Human rights in India Organizations established in Debt bondage in India Indian organisation stubs. Hidden categories: CS1 errors: missing periodical Use dmy dates from July Articles containing Hindi-language text Articles containing Urdu-language text All stub articles.

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Bandhua Mukti Morcha v. Union of India and Others

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Bandhua Mukti Morcha

While recognizing that child labor could not be abolished immediately due to economic necessity, the Court found that pragmatic steps could be taken to protect and promote the rights of children in the poverty-stricken and vulnerable populations of Indian society. The measures ordered to abolish child labor set out in an earlier case, M. Mehta v. The orders included, directing the States to take steps to frame policies to progressively eliminate the employment of children below the age of 14; provide compulsory education to all children employed in factories, mining, and other industries; ensure that the children receive nutrient-rich foods; and administer periodic health check-ups. In its judgment, the Court required that periodic reports of progress regarding the implementation of the decision be submitted to the Registry of the Court. This Commission was entrusted with assessing compliance with the Convention on the Rights of the child and thus by extension monitoring the provision of free primary education for all children in the country and the protection of children against economic exploitation. Law and policy is moving in the direction of formal abolition of child labor and different initiatives especially in the area of education are being undertaken towards eradicating child labor.


This writ petition was filed by Bandhua Mukti Morcha Petitioner under Article 32 of the Constitution by way of public interest litigation PIL seeking directives of the Government to take steps to stop employment of children in Carpet Industry in the State of Uttar Pradesh. Subsequently appoint a Committee to investigate into their conditions of employment; and to issue such welfare directives as are appropriate for total prohibition on employment of children below 14 years and directing the respondent to give them facilities like education, health, sanitation, nutritious food,etc. The main contention of the petitioner-group is that employment of the children in any industry or in a hazardous industry, is violation of Article 24 of the Constitution and derogatory to the mandates contained in Article 39 e and f of the Constitution. Following the filing of the PIL, the Supreme Court appointed Prem Bhai and others to visit factories manufacturing carpets and to submit their findings as to whether any number of children below the age of 14 years are working in the carpet industry etc. The Commissioner submitted his preliminary report. Subsequently, the report was submitted on August 1,


The Court immediately commissioned a report to determine whether children under the age of 14 were employed in the carpet industry. Subsequently the Court appointed a committee to report the Report on the exploitation of children in the carpet industry. The Report found that the children were being treated as slaves and were subjected to violence and physical torture. Referring to the scheme laid down in M. Mehta v. The child is equally entitled to all these fundamental rights. It would, therefore, be incumbent upon the State to provide facilities and opportunity as enjoined under Article 39 e and f of the Constitution and to prevent exploitation of their childhood due to indigence and vagary.

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