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It can occur from multiple conditions. Clearly the absence of thyroid enlargement does not preclude significant thyroid pathology. The definition of a goiter depends on age and sex; below are the upper limits of normal for thyroid gland volume 1 :. The prevalence of goiter varies widely depending on the level of iodine deficiency. The thyroid gland may become so enlarged that it becomes a substernal retrosternal goiter. Thyroid volume can be estimated by measuring each lobe and applying the following correction factor for an ellipsoid formula 6 :.

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It can occur from multiple conditions. Clearly the absence of thyroid enlargement does not preclude significant thyroid pathology. The definition of a goiter depends on age and sex; below are the upper limits of normal for thyroid gland volume 1 :.

The prevalence of goiter varies widely depending on the level of iodine deficiency. The thyroid gland may become so enlarged that it becomes a substernal retrosternal goiter. Thyroid volume can be estimated by measuring each lobe and applying the following correction factor for an ellipsoid formula 6 :. Goiter derives from the old French "goitron" meaning gullet.

Goitron comes from the Latin "guttur" meaning throat. Please Note: You can also scroll through stacks with your mouse wheel or the keyboard arrow keys. Updating… Please wait.

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Please use another browser until we can get it fixed. The definition of a goiter depends on age and sex; below are the upper limits of normal for thyroid gland volume 1 : adult males: 25 mL adult females: 18 mL years: mL years: 3 mL neonate: 0. Wass J, Stewart PM.

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The epidemiology of thyroid disease. Measuring thyroid gland volume: should we change the correction factor?. American journal of roentgenology. Edit article Share article View revision history Report problem with Article.

URL of Article. Article information. Tags: goiter , goitre , endocrine , thyroid. Support Radiopaedia and see fewer ads. Cases and figures. Case 1: multinodular goiter Case 1: multinodular goiter. Case 2: nodular Graves' disease Case 2: nodular Graves' disease.

Case 3: Hashimoto thyroiditis Case 3: Hashimoto thyroiditis. Case 4: multinodular goiter Case 4: multinodular goiter. Case 5 Case 5. Case 6 Case 6. Case 7: retrosternal Case 7: retrosternal. Case 8 Case 8. Loading more images Close Please Note: You can also scroll through stacks with your mouse wheel or the keyboard arrow keys. Loading Stack - 0 images remaining.

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The significance of nontoxic thyroid nodules. Final report of a year study of the incidence of thyroid malignancy. Ann Intern Med. Thyroid incidentalomas: prevalence by palpation and ultrasonography. Arch Intern Med.

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Thyroid nodular disease. The thyroid gland is fairly homogeneous but nodules are frequent. Nodules greater than 1. Thyroid nodular disease, the etiology of which is multifactorial, encompasses lesions, from the small incidentaloma to large multinodular intrathoracic goiter. The main diagnostic issues are related to the functional and morphological characterization using TSH measurements and image methods. Fine needle aspiration biopsy is the method of choice to rule out malignancy, the incidence of which is similar in single or multinodular goiter MNG. MNG treatment can be surgical or radioactive iodine I could be indicated if the I uptake is adequate.

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