DIOGENES OF SINOPE THE MAN IN THE TUB PDF

How does someone create a portrait of a man who lived a few thousand years ago with snippets of mentions from texts written hundreds of years after his death? Luis Navia delicately reaches back through the mists of time and examines each piece, carefully considered. Neither in the realm of ideas, nor in the moral fabric of society, nor in national or international affairs, nor, in fact, in any area of human concern and activity, have we advanced one inch beyond the Greeks of classical times. We might even say that cultural stagnation is the appropriate way to characterize the course of human history since the time when Diogenes, carrying a lighted lamp in broad daylight, walked backwards through the streets of Athens, searching unsuccessfully for a true human being.

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How does someone create a portrait of a man who lived a few thousand years ago with snippets of mentions from texts written hundreds of years after his death?

Luis Navia delicately reaches back through the mists of time and examines each piece, carefully considered. Neither in the realm of ideas, nor in the moral fabric of society, nor in national or international affairs, nor, in fact, in any area of human concern and activity, have we advanced one inch beyond the Greeks of classical times.

We might even say that cultural stagnation is the appropriate way to characterize the course of human history since the time when Diogenes, carrying a lighted lamp in broad daylight, walked backwards through the streets of Athens, searching unsuccessfully for a true human being. Genuine specimens of humanity are today as rare as they were in classical times.

Navia quotes Oscar Wilde: Cynicism is the art of seeing things as they are instead of as they should be. Diogenes can teach us to see the human world precisely as it is, without distortions, euphemisms, or deceptions.

The biographical sketch is sketchy, impossible to pinpoint details and verify facts. Diogenes is a conundrum, both a pinnacle of philosophical achievement and nothing but a ragpicker and vagabond.

More than in any other philosopher of the Western world, some have discovered in Diogenes the epitome of a long list of praiseworthy personal and intellectual traits and endowments: an absolute commitment to honesty, a remarkable independence of judgment, an unwavering decision to live a simple and unencumbered life, a paradigmatic devotion to self-sufficiency, an unparalleled attachment to freedom of speech, a healthy contempt for human stupidity and obfuscation, an unusual degree of intellectual lucidity, and, above all, a tremendous courage to live in accord with his convictions.

How can someone whose psychological predispositions and whose upbringing incline him to accept blindly all social norms and to deify the Establishment and the status quo, and who, as in the case of patriotic enthusiasts and religious zealots, cannot find any fulfillment in life except as part of a group, discover any value and significance in the antics and sayings of a man like Diogenes, who, partly on account of his inborn character and the circumstances of his life, and partly because of certain philosophical influences on him, felt compelled to wage a relentless war against the human world that surrounded him, and found his fulfillment only in the shelter of his self-proclaimed independence?

When is the right time to marry? The less we talk and write, the more we act to achieve right living. Influenced heavily by Antisthenes who was influenced heavily by Socrates.

Diogenes a direct link to the Stoics by way of Crates and Zeno. Jesus of Nazareth a typical Cynic philosopher of 1st century AD. Epictetus notes that Antisthenes taught Diogenes that nothing belongs to him property, people, friends, reputation, places except the power to deal with external impressions and circumstances.

The lack of any extant text allows Navia a bit of leeway to create this imaginary diatribe from Diogenes:. Navia expands on A.

Really appreciate how much Navia tears into the other English-language scholar on Diogenes, F. Sayre, whom Navia calls out for some musty opinions and disses by saying Sayre only started studying philosophy when he was 77 years old after a career in the military. To investigate: Aspasia native of Miletus, one of the most remarkable women of classical times, established a school for young women, instructed Socrates in art of rhetoric ; Hipparchia married Crates, both were committed Cynics.

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Diogenes of Sinope (c. 404—323 B.C.E.)

The most illustrious of the Cynic philosophers, Diogenes of Sinope serves as the template for the Cynic sage in antiquity. Though originally from Sinope, the majority of the stories comprising his philosophical biography occur in Athens, and some of the most celebrated of these place Alexander the Great or Plato as his foil. It is disputed whether Diogenes left anything in writing. If he did, the texts he composed have since been lost. In Cynicism, living and writing are two components of ethical practice, but Diogenes is much like Socrates and even Plato in his sentiments regarding the superiority of direct verbal interaction over the written account. He was a citizen of Sinope who either fled or was exiled because of a problem involving the defacing of currency.

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Diogenes of Sinope: The Man in the Tub

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The life and teachings of Diogenes of Sinope, the Greek philosopher who gave rise to classical Cynicism, deserve careful consideration because of their relevance to contemporary ethical issues. The task of reconstructing the philosopher's life, however, is exceedingly difficult, because in his case, more than in those of other ancient philosophers, we must deal not only with the scarcity of reliable sources and testimonies, but also with the mountains of anecdotal and fictional accounts that are responsible for the creation of a veritable literary legend around the Cynic who once lived in a tub. This comprehensive study reconstructs his biography on the basis of classical and Arabic sources, identifies the main ideas and principles of his philosophy, and shows the application of his philosophical message for our contemporary world. It also includes an extensively annotated translation of Diogenes Laertius' "Life of Diogenes of Sinope," which is our principal source of information about the philosopher. He has held various administrative positions, including the deanship of Arts and Sciences, and he has worked for over twenty years for the Commission on Higher Education Middle States. Diogenes of Sinope : The Man in the Tub. Luis E.

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The life and teachings of Diogenes of Sinope, the Greek philosopher who gave rise to classical Cynicism, deserve careful consideration because of their relevance to contemporary ethical issues. The task of reconstructing the philosopher's life, however, is exceedingly difficult, because in his case, more than in those of other ancient philosophers, we must deal not only with the scarcity of reliable sources and testimonies, but also with the mountains of anecdotal and fictional accounts that are responsible for the creation of a veritable literary legend around the Cynic who once lived in a tub. This comprehensive study reconstructs his biography on the basis of classical and Arabic sources, identifies the main ideas and principles of his philosophy, and shows the application of his philosophical message for our contemporary world. It also includes an extensively annotated translation of Diogenes Laertius' Life of Diogenes of Sinope , which is our principal source of information about the philosopher.

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