EFMB STUDY GUIDE PDF

The EFMB is intended to recognize soldiermedics who attain a high degree ofprofessional skill and proficiency as afield medic. It rewards those who canexpertly perform in a simulated combatenvironment, both soldier common tasks andmedical tasks. Commanders of Active Army, U. DAPAM provides the standards andresponsibilities for the conduct of thetest.

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Sign in. Don't have an account? We weren't able to detect the audio language on your flashcards. Please select the correct language below. Add to folder [? Find out how you can intelligently organize your Flashcards. You have created 2 folders. Please upgrade to Cram Premium to create hundreds of folders! How do you respond to your commander? The mission of the unit field sanitation team is to assist commanders in maintaining the health and.

Calcium Hypochlorite is a method used to disinfect canteens. As a Field Sanitation Team member, how do you instruct your company to purify water in a one-Quart Canteen? The following procedures are used to purify water in a one-quart canteen with calcium hypochlorite ampules :. You are a member of the preventative medicine team.

Your team was tasked to conduct an inspection of the Dining Facility. During the inspection, your team leader assigned you to inspect all four refrigerators for proper temperature control. Properly maintain potentially hazardous foods; hot foods at a product temperature of degrees Fahrenheit or above and cold foods at a product. You have just completed a company FTX.

You were assigned as the team leader for the nonhazardous solid waste disposal detail. During the FTX site recovery planning meeting, your commander asked you to explain the primary options for nonhazardous solid waste disposal. The primary options for disposal of nonhazardous solid waste in the field are burning, burial, or backhauling.

Within the United States all solid waste generated during field exercises must be backhauled to garrison or picked up by contractors. During overseas training exercises, host-nation requirements must be followed which normally require the same policies of backhauling or contract disposal. If incineration, burning, or landfilling is used during contingency operations, additional security measures must be taken to.

You are feeling excellent about all the recommendations you have provided to your commander. Planning for the FTX is going just as expected. The last task is to designate a perfect location for your latrines. Chemical and containerized latrines must be placed so that service vehicles can access. You are a part of the command team assigned to 61MMB. Your company was tasked to participate in the ongoing contingency operations.

Which of the following latrines are most suited for this type of mission? Cat-Hole latrines, Portable latrines, Chemical latrines or Containerized latrines. Containerized latrines are the preferred means of human waste disposal during contingency operations. The containerized latrine system, normally a component of Force Provider units, consists of six privacy stalls with low-water flush toilets, a trough urinal, two waste collection tanks urinal and toilet waste are stored in separate tanks , two sinks with running hot and cold water, a six-gallon water heater, mirrors, and dispensers for toilet paper, paper towels and soap.

An environmental control unit installed in the rear wall regulates internal temperature, and ventilation systems installed in the front wall and ceiling reduce odor. The containerized latrine system provides a private latrine facility with increased sanitation for Soldiers. It can prevent effective sweating and increase a Soldiers risk for heat injury.

Symptoms include edema, itching, peeling skin, rash, nausea, fever, syncope. Soldiers must use Army approved sunscreen to protect exposed skin in any climate. Army approved sunscreen can prevent sunburn and reduce the risk of skin. Early signs of heat stroke include headache, dizziness, delirium mental confusion , weakness, nausea, vomiting, and excessive warmth; however, sweating may or may not be absent. The most significant sign of heat stroke is a body core temperature of over degrees Fahrenheit with a rectal temperature exceeding degrees Fahrenheit.

Although the casualty may first progress through the symptoms of heat cramps or heat exhaustion, the onset of heat stroke may occur with dramatic suddenness with collapse and loss of consciousness. Profound coma is usually present and convulsions may occur. In the past, heat stroke victims were described as always having hot, red, dry skin. However it has been found that some. Therefore, upon initial evaluation, the skin cannot be the differentiating factor in deciding on the degree of the heat injury.

Soldiers who have suffered from only one attack remain very susceptible to repeated heat injuries. Therefore, these individuals should avoid subsequent exposure to hot weather conditions. Heat Injury: Caused by restrictive clothing, excessive sweating, and inadequate hygiene. Heat rash prickly heat is caused by restrictive clothing, excessive sweating, and inadequate.

It can develop when sweat ducts become blocked and swell and often leads to discomfort and itching. Heat rash can prevent effective sweating and increase a Soldiers risk for heat injury. Heat rash looks like dots or tiny pimples. The affected areas can get irritated by clothing or scratching. In rare cases, a secondary skin infection my present itself and in that case look for signs of infection.

Heat Injury: Most common form of heat injury and is generally not associated with evidence of organ damage. Heat exhaustion is the most common form of heat injury and is generally not associated with. It is a result of peripheral vascular collapse due to excessive salt depletion and dehydration. This condition is the result of excessive loss of both salt and water, usually due to profuse sweating as the body attempts to cool itself.

Classic symptoms include profuse. Additional symptoms may include headache, tingling in the hands and feet, paleness, difficulty breathing, irregular heartbeat, loss of appetite, nausea, and vomiting.

The skin is generally cool and moist from the evaporation of sweat, the pulse rate is rapid to beats per minute , blood pressure may be low, and body temperature may be lower than normal as. Rest means minimal physical activity sitting or standing , accomplished in the shade if possible. Daily fluid intake should not exceed 12 quarts. Noise: this determines pitch ; high-pitched noises are more dangerous to hearing than low-pitched noises.

The frequency of a noise determines its pitch, which is that attribute of an auditory sensation in. High-frequency high-pitched noises are more dangerous to hearing than low-frequency low-pitched noises. The relative loudness of the noise, expressed in decibels, will play a large part in determining the. Noise: may be continuous or intermittent; it may be steady or made up of a series of impact or impulse noises.

Noise may be continuous or intermittent. It may be steady or made up of a series of impact or impulse noises. Noise: t he longer the exposure, the greater the damage to the hearing mechanism. The longer the exposure, the greater the damage to the hearing mechanism. Exposure duration is. You are a member of the Field Sanitation Team. You are responsible for ensuring that the unit water supply is safe for human consumption.

From the terms listed below, your task is to select and explain the best term that describes water that is safe for consumption. Potable water is water from a source that has been treated and approved by preventive medicine personnel to meet the short-term potability or long-term potability standards, and is therefore considered safest to drink for the period that the standards apply. Potable water may or may not be palatable. Nonpotable water is water from an untreated source or treated source including bottled water that is not safe to drink.

In the operational environment, water from any source that has not been tested and determined to be safe by preventive medicine personnel or another local medical authority for use as drinking water is considered nonpotable.

Palatable water is cool, aerated, significantly free from color, turbidity, taste, and odor, and is. Palatable water is not necessarily potable and may contain disease or illness-causing substances.

To disinfect a five-gallon water can using iodine tablets you:. Wait five minutes and then agitate the container. Historical accounts of wars, battles, and military training consistently show that the majority of losses to armies are not the result of combat injuries but rather disease and non-battle injury. What are some health threats to Soldiers in the field?

Health threats to Soldiers in the field include:. During the deployment planning meeting, water consumption in a temperate climate was one of the main topics. To ensure sufficient water is available during the deployment, how much water is needed per man per day?

A guide for planning to meet water requirements in a temperate climate is 5 gallons per man per day for drinking and cooking.

If showering facilities are to be made available, the amount required will be at least 15 gallons per man per day. A Soldier performing normal duties in a hot and dry climate may require as much as 2 to 6. In a cooler climate the Soldier may require only.

Toxic Industrial Materials: m aterials that cause inflammation of mucous membranes with which they come in contact. Irritants are materials that cause inflammation of mucous membranes with which they come in. Many irritants are strong acids or alkalis that are corrosive to nonliving things; however, they. Examples are sulfur dioxide, acetic acid, formaldehyde, formic acid, sulfuric acid, iodine, ozone, and oxides of nitrogen.

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