Environmental criminology focuses on criminal patterns within particular built environments and analyzes the impacts of these external variables on people's cognitive behavior. It forms a part of criminology 's Positivist School in that it applies the scientific method to examine the society that causes crime. Environmental criminology is the study of crime, criminality, and victimization as they relate, first, to particular places, and secondly, to the way that individuals and organizations shape their activities spatially, and in so doing are in turn influenced by place-based or spatial factors. In , C. Ray Jeffery published "Crime Prevention Through Environmental Design", in which he examined the role that immediate environments play in crime and suggested a range of strategies for reducing crime by modifying immediate environments. He also coined the term "environmental criminology".
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Forgot your login information? In: Encyclopedia of Criminological Theory. Brantingham, Patricia L. Brantingham: Environmental Criminology. Edited by: Francis T. Subject: Criminological Theory general. Malm, A. Brantingham, patricia l. Wilcox Eds. Malm, Aili E. Cullen and Pamela Wilcox, Malm, A , 'Brantingham, patricia l. Francis T. Cullen and Pamela Wilcox. SAGE Knowledge. Have you created a personal profile? Login or create a profile so that you can create alerts and save clips, playlists, and searches.
Please log in from an authenticated institution or log into your member profile to access the email feature. For years, traditional criminology focused almost exclusively on the offender. Other elements of the crime—such as the victim, the law, and the crime itself—were virtually ignored. In environmental criminology, Patricia L.
Brantingham [Page ] focus CQ Press Your definitive resource for politics, policy and people. Remember me? Back Institutional Login Please choose from an option shown below. Need help logging in? Click here. Don't have access? View purchasing options. Brantingham: Environmental Criminology Aili E.
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Brantingham, Patricia L., and Paul J. Brantingham: Environmental Criminology