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Employers can find practical help in Work with ionising radiation: Ionising Radiations Regulations Approved code of practice and guidance. IRR17 applies to a large range of workplaces where radioactive substances and electrical equipment emitting ionising radiation are used.
They also apply to work with natural radiation, including work in which people are exposed to naturally occurring radon gas and its decay products. Any employer who undertakes work with ionising radiation must comply with IRR IRR17 requires employers to keep exposure to ionising radiations as low as reasonably practicable. Exposures must not exceed specified dose limits. Restriction of exposure should be achieved first by means of engineering control and design features.
Where this is not reasonably practicable employers should introduce safe systems of work and only rely on the provision of personal protective equipment as a last resort. Under IRR17 employers must undertake a radiation risk assessment before they start any new activity with ionising radiation, giving particular consideration to exposure levels and accident situations.
Once the work commences, regulation 3 of MHSWR requires the recording of the assessment if there are 5 or more employees and the maintenance of the risk assessment to keep it up to date where there has been a significant change in the matters to which it relates.
Regulation 5 of MHSWR also requires employers to make arrangements for effective planning, organisation, control, monitoring and review of preventative and protective measures, including those for restricting exposures to ionising radiations. The Environment Agencies enforce the Radioactive Substances Act , which is mainly concerned with the control of radioactive waste.
Users must comply with both sets of legislation. HSE and the Environment Agencies will work closely to ensure a consistent and comprehensive regulatory approach. Justification is one of the key principles of radiological protection established by the International Commission on Radiological Protection on which the radiological framework of the UK is based. The principle of justification is that no practice involving exposures to radiation should be adopted unless it produces sufficient benefit to the exposed individuals or to society to offset the radiation detriment it causes.
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The Ionising Radiations Regulations 1999 (IRR'99): Guidance Booklet
The Ionising Radiation Regulations last saw a change in , where IRR85 was reviewed and updated to ensure a development to radiological protection. The new document updates and clarifies the IRR99 regulations — it does not rewrite the document — making important changes for anyone working within the ionising radiation environment. As part of the process, a consultation period between February and March allowed the industry to pass comment on the new regulations. Below is a summary of the main updates to IRR Even if you have already notified the HSE, you will still need to apply to notify, register and get consent for your work with ionising radiation.
The Ionising Radiations Regulations 2017 – an overview