James Churchward 27 February — 4 January was a British occult writer, inventor, engineer, and fisherman. Churchward is most notable for proposing the existence of a lost continent , called " Mu ," in the Pacific Ocean. His writings on Mu are considered to be pseudoscience. James had four brothers and four sisters.
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James Churchward 27 February — 4 January was a British occult writer, inventor, engineer, and fisherman. Churchward is most notable for proposing the existence of a lost continent , called " Mu ," in the Pacific Ocean. His writings on Mu are considered to be pseudoscience. James had four brothers and four sisters. In November , Henry died and the family moved in with Matilda's parents in the hamlet of Kigbear, near Okehampton.
Census records indicate the family next moved to London when James was 18 after his grandfather George Gould died. He was the elder brother of the Masonic author Albert Churchward — He was a tea planter in Sri Lanka before coming to the US in the s.
In , at the age of 75, he published The Lost Continent of Mu: Motherland of Man , which he claimed proved the existence of a lost continent , called Mu , in the Pacific Ocean. According to Churchward, Mu "extended from somewhere north of Hawaii to the south as far as the Fijis and Easter Island.
Its civilisation, which flourished 50, years before Churchward's day, was technologically more advanced than his own, and the ancient civilisations of India , Babylon , Persia , Egypt and the Mayas were merely the decayed remnants of its colonies. Churchward claimed to have gained his knowledge of this lost land after befriending an Indian priest, who taught him to read an ancient dead language spoken by only three people in all of India.
The priest disclosed the existence of several ancient tablets, written by the Naacals, and Churchward gained access to these records after overcoming the priest's initial reluctance. His knowledge remained incomplete, as the available tablets were mere fragments of a larger text, but Churchward claimed to have found verification and further information in the records of other ancient peoples. His writings attempt to describe the civilisation of Mu, its history, inhabitants, and influence on subsequent history and civilisation.
Churchward claimed that the ancient Egyptian sun-god Ra originated with the Mu; he claimed that "Rah" was the word which the Naacals used for "sun" as well as for their god and rulers. Alfred Metraux undertook research on Easter Island in the s, and in published a monograph on Easter Island which includes a rebuttal of the hypothesis that Easter Island was a remnant of a sunken continent.
In the second half of the twentieth century, improvements in oceanography , in particular understanding of seafloor spreading and plate tectonics , have left little scientific basis for geologically recent lost continents such as Mu.
Science writer Martin Gardner wrote that Churchward's books contain geological and archaeological errors and are regarded by scholars as a hoax. Williams has written that his "translations are outrageous, his geology, in both mechanics and dating, is absurd, and his mishandling of archaeological data, as in the Valley of Mexico, is atrocious. Gordon Stein in Encyclopedia of Hoaxes has noted that Churchward's claims have no scientific basis.
According to Stein "it is difficult to assess whether Churchward really believed what he said about Mu, or whether he was knowingly writing fiction. Brian M. Fagan has written that Churchward's evidence for Mu was made from "personal testimonials, false translations, notably of tablets from Mesoamerica, and spurious reconstructions from archaeological and artistic remains.
Although it has attracted some following, it has never received scholarly or scientific support. Churchward is mentioned in fiction in the short stories " Through the Gates of the Silver Key " by H.
Churchward and the lost island of Mu also appear in Philip K. Dick's Confessions of a Crap Artist. Churchward's writings are a key influence for the plot of the anime series RahXephon. Churchward's writings were satirised by occult writer Raymond Buckland in his novel Mu Revealed , written under the pseudonym "Tony Earll" an anagram for "not really".
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Fads and Fallacies in the Name of Science. Dover Publications. The Oxford Companion to Archaeology.
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Mu (lost continent)
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The Children Of Mu
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Mu is a legendary lost continent that also appears in lost world literature. It was subsequently popularized as an alternative term for the hypothetical land of Lemuria by James Churchward , who asserted that Mu was located in the Pacific Ocean before its destruction. The place of Mu in literature has been discussed in detail in Lost Continents by L. Sprague de Camp. Geologists dismiss the existence of Mu and the lost continent of Atlantis as physically impossible, arguing that a continent can neither sink nor be destroyed in the short period of time asserted in legends and folklore and literature about these places. Brasseur believed that a word which he read as Mu referred to a land that had been submerged by a catastrophe. In our journey westward across the Atlantic we shall pass in sight of that spot where once existed the pride and life of the ocean, the Land of Mu, which, at the epoch that we have been considering, had not yet been visited by the wrath of Human, that lord of volcanic fires to whose fury it afterward fell a victim.