It is the time of Chanakya, Chandragupta Maurya, and the Nandas. By this time, in Kusumapura Patna , the last of the Nanda kings has renounced the world and his kingdom taken over by Chandragupta and Chanakya. Though he fled, Malayaketu has a trump card in Rakshasa, the honest and smart minister. The goal of Chanakya at the beginning of the play is to bring Rakshasa to his camp so that Chandragupta would have an able minister by his side.
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Parvata and Chandragupta divide up the old possessions of Nanda. Next, Parvata dies poisoned by a youth and his son Malayaketu succeeds him. Malayaketu, together with Rakshasa, the last minister of Nanda, demands the inheritance of all the old territories of the Nanda. The drama begins when Malayaketu and his allies the kings of Persia, Sind and Kashmir are poised to attack Pataliputra present day Patna , the capital of Chandragupta. The outcome arrives when Chanakya, by the use of guile, manages to attract Rakshasa to the Maurya side, thus undoing the coalition of Malayaketu.
The historical authenticity of the Mudrarakshasa is somewhat supported by the description of this period of history in Classical Hellenistic sources: the violent rule of the Nanda, the usurpation of Chandragupta, the formation of the Maurya Empire, and the various battles with the kingdoms of the Northwest resulting from the conquests of Alexander the Great.
Thanks for this book. I have linked to this book from the Wikipedia article , along with several other editions that I searched and found were available online. In all probability Patliputra is not Patna of today!
There is not a single archeological evidence to support it! History is not mathematics. One need to visit the place. Archaeological evidences are in the Patna museum, in surroundings like Kumbhrar, Nalanda, etc and remains which are underground.
One can also watch Chanakya serial by Sri. Please correct. It is not my opinion. It is from the story of Mudrarakshasa drama. Please understand Prudhvee sagar. Chandragupta mentioned in this book is Chandragupta maurya. He does not belong to Gupta dynasty. He belongs to Maurya dynasty. He employed one Mr. Selucas to look after these conquered territories in India including those in present day Pakistan and afghanistan as Governer.
Alexander india invasion was almost the period of Chandragupta Maurya. These all happened before christ BC period. Gupta Dynasty period was in AD 4th century to 6th century. Maurya Chandra Gupta was trined by Chanukya to unify whole India and protect India from foreign aggression. Thus Indo Greek felations improved later Pythogorus visted India. GUptas probably 3rd century kings while Chandragupta maurya is in 4the century BC?
Sir please correct your knowledge Alexander came in time Nanda of last Nanda dynasty. Does this drama contain a story of one wrongly being hanged, when the real culprit appears and says that he should be hanged. I have not seen Mudrarakshasam Malayalam prose translation anywhere on the internet.
His curiosity is to trace the origins of the Nandas who ruled this land before the Mauryas. Probably the land that they ruled was as vast as the area ruled by Chandragupta Maurya himself.
The author has mainly relied on secondary sources and a few primary sources, such as Arthashastra and puranas. The book has three major parts. Introduction carries the hypotheses wherein he has brought out the historical importance of barber community. He has tried to trace the history of barbers right from Indus civilization and tried to prove that how barbers could have been the first doctors as well.
Subject calls attention when he says that Buddha was interested in bringing in cleanliness to Buddhist Sangha by introducing shaven face to monks. The women of barber community playthe role of midwives. The hindu society is unjust in candemning the profession of barbers who serve the society with humility. His attempt of tracing the birth of the Nandas from barber community in a way is an answer for stigma attached to the community.
In order to prove his argument he has made use of certain clues and evidences found in puranas. One needs to go through wide range of original sources to prove such arguments.
My interest here is not to prove or disprove the birth of Nandas to a barber family. But certainly this book makes us to think why it is important to dig in to the caste, religion, or linguistic background of a ruler. Why every now and then we keep getting into such arguments? Many a times it ends up in getting into social tensions.
We have series of examples in Karnataka entering in to such debates. It is always a subject of contention to talk about the origin of Vijayanagar rulers, the Kadambas or the Chalukyas.
It is a major thing of debate for scholars to prove the caste of kanakadasa. Normally it has spilled the boundries of academics and gone to the courts or publics or the politicians.
Every community is trying to claim one or the other historical figure as belonging to their community. It could never be ignored because it has been raised by people outside the universities not by scholars engaged in academic exercise. So, it is clearly evident in contemporary Indian society that the communities which had no voice and visibility to go for caste identities.
There is a long history behind such identity questions. Each and every small community as and when gets economic and social strength comes out with a rightful demand for their identities. For quite long it was the upper castes and dominant castes who had their say in the society.
They also had their voice in academies. Dalit movement could bring in a momentum to the stagnant society, not only to go against caste exploitations but also to go in search of cultural roots. These roots were identified through the ruling dynasties, poets, saints and so on. They find solace in identifying historical personalities and look at them as cultural heroes.
Many of our oral epics have helped these communities to look for a cultural hero. Kuruba community of Karnataka looks at kanakadasa as their cultural icon. Most of the Vachanacaras have been adored by specific castes to which they belong.
I look at the work on Nandas by Dhanraj is another voice which is looking for a community to have pride in identifying a ruling dynasty as of its own. It is the sign of backward class identity question. In order to make it more authentic it demands further research making use of exhaustive number of primary sources.
It is also a time for us to understand the polemics of caste. An in-depth study of the community as well as the profession is required in order to bring them out of the social stigma they are suffering for centuries.
VASU M. In the formation of any kingdom, the kshatriyas and the Brahmins have dominated the caste hierarchy. But when I heard from Mr. Gopal, former President, BSP, Karnataka, that the Nandas who were great emperors chakravatis were shudras,that too they were Barbers, since I belong to Shudra community, I was rather curious.
I began to reflect how could a very minor professional caste of barbers whose profession is hair cutting and shaving could produce such great rulers in the Indian subcontinent who laid the foundation for the shudra rule for the first time? That made me to go in search of the material. I went on referring number of books and I could collect some information. I tried my level best to collect more but I could not. Probably the early Brahminical writers were prejudiced against the shudras that too since the Nandas were barbers by profession.
They did not want to highlight them. We do not get the historical evidence of all the Nine Nanda rulers. However we get information about Maha-padma Nanda who laid the foundation for the Nanda dynasty and about Dhana Nanda, the last Nanda ruler who was a contemporary of Alexander the Great.
Apart from these two we do not get any information about the remaining seven Nanda rulers. Probably the historical evidences might have been destroyed by the Brahmin writers who were known for such things. In this book I have focused on Mahapadma Nanda. He destroyed all the kshatriya dynasties of his time and proved himself more capable than the kshartiya rulers. He kept Brahmins out of his rule and did not care to take them as his advisors. Instead, he kept the Jains. His military genius was so great, even the Brahminical writers wrote in the puranas, that there existed only Brahmins and the Shudras.
The Brahmin Parashurama decimated all most all the Kshatriyas; those remained it is said were destroyed by Mahapadma Nanda. It shows that Shudra rulers can be greater and mightier than the Kshatriyas who were traditionally supposed to be fit to rule the country. The Nandas were great administrators. The Nandas brought the smaller principalities under one rule with the help of their mighty army Ekarat and the country was unified as never before.
This helped Chandra Gupta Maurya to establish his rule more effectively. The Nandas were the first people to introduce canal system of irrigation. Scientific forms of weights and measures were introduced. Though the Nandas ruled India only for a short duration of years it was very effective and significant. The services barbers carry out are multifarious.
The barbers were the first surgeons in our country.
Mudrarakshasa of Visakhadatta – Sanskrit Drama with English translation
Mudrarakshasa means something in Hinduism , Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin. Partial matches: Rakshasa , Mudra.
Mudrarakshasa - Vishakhadatta - Sanskrit Text & Translation
Mudrarakshasa, Mudrārākṣasa, Mudra-rakshasa: 4 definitions