108 PENDEKAR LIANG SHAN PDF

Check out what's streaming this month. See the full list. Title: All Men Are Brothers —. Long story of the rivalry, intrigues and wars of the late Eastern Han Dynasty and the Three Kingdoms period. Based on the classical Chinese novel Romance of the Three Kingdoms and other related sources. In an age of turmoil, heroes will rise.

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The story, set in the Song dynasty , tells of how a group of outlaws gather at Mount Liang or Liangshan Marsh to form a sizable army before they are eventually granted amnesty by the government and sent on campaigns to resist foreign invaders and suppress rebel forces.

The group was active in the Huainan region and surrendered to the Song government in They were recorded in the historical text History of Song. The outlaw Song Jiang of Huainan and others attacked the army at Huaiyang , the Emperor sent generals to attack and arrest them. The outlaws infringed on the east of the capital Kaifeng , Hebei , and entered the boundaries of Chu referring to present-day Hubei and Hunan and Haizhou covering parts of present-day Jiangsu.

The prefect Zhang Shuye was ordered to pacify them. Zhang Shuye's biography further described Song Jiang and the outlaws' activities and how they were eventually defeated by Zhang.

Folk stories of Song Jiang circulated during the Southern Song. Some of the characters who later became associated with Song Jiang also appeared around this time. Government troops number tens of thousands but no one dare oppose him. His abilities must be extraordinary. Since we also face plunders by Fang La and his outlaws from Qingxi, why not grant Song Jiang and his men amnesty and allow them to lead a campaign against Fang La to redeem themselves?

The text is a written version of storytellers' tales, based on supposed historical events. It is divided into ten chapters, roughly covering the history of the Song dynasty from the early 11th century to the establishment of the Southern Song regime in The fourth chapter covers the adventures of Song Jiang and his 36 companions, and their eventual defeat by Zhang Shuye.

Some of the more well-known stories and characters in Water Margin are clearly visible, including "Yang Zhi sells his precious sabre", "Robbing the convoy of birthday gifts", "Song Jiang kills Yan Poxi", "Fighting Fang La ", among others. Song Jiang and his outlaws were said to operate in the Taihang Mountains. Stories about the outlaws became a popular subject for Yuan dynasty drama. During this time, the material on which Water Margin was based evolved into what it is in the present.

The number of outlaws increased to Even though they came from different backgrounds including scholars, fishermen, imperial drill instructors etc.

There is a theory that Water Margin became popular during the Yuan era as the common people predominantly Han Chinese resented the Mongol rulers. Concurrently, the rebellion was also a call for the common people to rise up against corruption in the government. The Chongzhen Emperor of the Ming dynasty , acting on the advice of his ministers, banned the book as a means of preventing revolts. The novel, praised as an early "masterpiece" of vernacular fiction , [7] is renowned for the "mastery and control" of its mood and tone.

There are five conditions that have to be met before you can succeed. First, you have to be as handsome as Pan An. Second, you need a tool as big as a donkey's. Third, you must be as rich as Deng Tong. Fourth, you must be as forbearing as a needle plying through cotton wool. Fifth, you've got to spend time. It can be done only if you meet these five requirements. First, while I'm far from a Pan An, I still can get by. Second, I've had a big cock since childhood. The opening episode in the novel is the release of the Spirits , imprisoned under an ancient stele-bearing tortoise.

The next chapter describes the rise of Gao Qiu , one of the primary antagonists of the story. Gao abuses his status as a Grand Marshal by oppressing Wang Jin; Wang's father taught Gao a painful lesson when the latter was still a street-roaming ruffian.

Wang Jin flees from the capital with his mother and by chance he meets Shi Jin , who becomes his apprentice. Lin Chong is framed by Gao Qiu for attempting to assassinate him, and almost dies in a fire at a supply depot set by Gao's henchmen. He slays his foes and abandons the depot, eventually making his way to Liangshan Marsh, where he becomes an outlaw. Meanwhile, the "Original Seven", led by Chao Gai , rob a convoy of birthday gifts for the Imperial Tutor Cai Jing , another primary antagonist in the novel.

They flee to Liangshan Marsh after defeating a group of soldiers sent by the authorities to arrest them, and settle there as outlaws with Chao Gai as their chief. As the story progresses, more people come to join the outlaw band, including military personnel and civil officials who grew tired of serving the corrupt government, as well as men with special skills and talents.

Stories of the outlaws are told in separate sections in the following chapters. Connections between characters are vague, but the individual stories are eventually pieced together by chapter 60 when Song Jiang succeeds Chao Gai as the leader of the band after the latter is killed in a battle against the Zeng Family Fortress.

The plot further develops by illustrating the conflicts between the outlaws and the Song government after the Grand Assembly of the outlaws. Song Jiang strongly advocates making peace with the government and seeking redress for the outlaws. After defeating the imperial army in a great battle at Liangshan Marsh, the outlaws eventually receive amnesty from Emperor Huizong.

The emperor recruits them to form a military contingent and sends them on campaigns against invaders from the Liao dynasty and rebel forces led by Tian Hu , Wang Qing and Fang La within the Song dynasty's domain. Although the former outlaws eventually emerge victorious against the rebels and Liao invaders, the campaigns also led to the tragic dissolution of the heroes. At least two-thirds of them died in battle while the surviving ones either return to the imperial capital to receive honours from the emperor and continue serving the Song government, or leave and spend the rest of their lives as commoners elsewhere.

The following outline of chapters is based on a chapters edition. Yang Dingjian's chapters edition includes other campaigns of the outlaws on behalf of Song dynasty, while Jin Shengtan 's 70 chapters edition omits the chapters on the outlaws' acceptance of amnesty and subsequent campaigns. The extended version includes the Liangshan heroes' expeditions against the rebel leaders Tian Hu and Wang Qing prior to the campaign against Fang La.

Other stories tells such as the heroes fighting the Jurchen -ruled Jin dynasty or moving to Siam. Since fiction was not at first a prestigious genre in the Chinese literary world, authorship of early novels was not carefully attributed and may be unknowable. The authorship of Water Margin is still in some sense uncertain, and in any case derived from many sources and involved many editorial hands.

While the novel was traditionally attributed to Shi Nai'an , of whose life nothing is reliably known, recent scholars think that the novel, or portions of it, may have been written or revised by Luo Guanzhong the author of Romance of the Three Kingdoms. Many scholars believe that the first 70 chapters were indeed written by Shi Nai'an; however the authorship of the final 30 chapters is often questioned, with some speculating that it was instead written by Luo Guanzhong, who may have been a student of Shi.

Shi appropriated oral and written texts accumulated over time. This theory suggests that Shi Nai'an gathered and compiled these pieces of information to write Water Margin. Some believe that Water Margin was written entirely by Luo Guanzhong. He also felt that Shi wrote a simplified version of Water Margin , which is not the current edition. During the Qing dynasty , Shi Hui and Shi Nai'an were linked, suggesting that they are actually the same person.

The textual history of the novel is extraordinarily complex for it includes oral folklore, storytellers' tales, and printed versions of different parts and variations. Not until the s were there studies which began to set these questions in order, and there is still disagreement. The earliest extant complete printed edition of Water Margin is a chapter book dating from the lateth century in Yet other editions were published since this era to the early Qing dynasty , including a chapter edition by Jin Shengtan.

The various editions of Water Margin can roughly be classified into two groups - simplified and traditional. The simplified editions include stories on the outlaws being granted amnesty, followed by their campaigns against the Liao dynasty , Tian Hu , Wang Qing and Fang La , all the way until Song Jiang 's death. The complex editions are more descriptive and circulated more widely than their simplified counterparts.

The three main versions of the complex editions are a chapter, a chapter and a chapter edition. The most commonly modified parts of the complex editions are the stories on what happened after the outlaws are granted amnesty. Remarkably, it [ Water Margin ] also remained for a long time largely incomprehensible to its readers.

For centuries, classical Chinese united the intellectual elites of East Asia, much as Latin did in Europe. But the kind of popular fiction that entered Japan from the 17th century was written in the vernacular [Chinese], a tongue that only a tiny minority of Japanese interpreters in the port city of Nagasaki understood. For most others, it might as well have been Greek.

Understanding this type of fiction required a serious commitment, and a variety of reference guides and dictionaries were published in Japan to facilitate its reading.

Water Margin has been translated into many languages. In , publisher Kagaya Kichibei commissioned Utagawa Kuniyoshi to produce a series of woodblock prints illustrating the heroes in Water Margin. The — series, called Heroes of the Water Margin or Tsuzoku Suikoden goketsu hyakuhachinin no hitori , catapulted Kuniyoshi to fame. It also brought about a craze for multicoloured pictorial tattoos that covered the entire body from the neck to the mid-thigh.

Following the great commercial success of the Kuniyoshi series, other ukiyo-e artists were commissioned to produce prints of the Water Margin heroes, which began to be shown as Japanese heroes rather than the original Chinese personages. Among these later series was Yoshitoshi 's — series of 50 designs in Chuban size, which are darker than Kuniyoshi's and feature strange ghosts and monsters. The first Thai translation was done in , originally in samud thai Thai paper book format, There were 82 volumes in total.

It was printed in western style in and distributed commercially by Dan Beach Bradley, an American Protestant missionary to Siam. Pearl S. Buck was one of the first English translators of the chapter version. Titled All Men are Brothers and published in , the book was well received by the American public.

However, it was also heavily criticised for its errors and inaccuracies; an often cited example from this edition is Buck's mistranslation of Lu Zhishen 's nickname "Flowery Monk" as "Priest Hua".

Jackson, edited by Fang Lo-Tien. Of the later translations, Chinese-naturalised scholar Sidney Shapiro 's Outlaws of the Marsh is considered to be one of the best. However, as it was published during the Cultural Revolution , this edition received little attention then. Jacques Dars translated the book into French and its 1st edition was published in The novel is based on the story of Wu Song avenging his brother in Water Margin , but the focus is on Ximen Qing 's sexual relations with other women, including Pan Jinlian.

In Water Margin , Ximen Qing is killed by Wu Song for murdering the latter's brother, while in Jin Ping Mei he dies a horrible death due to an accidental overdose of aphrodisiac pills. The story is set after the end of the original Water Margin , with Li Jun as the protagonist.

It tells of how the surviving Liangshan heroes are forced to become outlaws again due to corruption in the government. When the armies of the Jurchen -ruled Jin dynasty invade the Song dynasty, the heroes rise up to defend their nation from the invaders.

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Song Jiang

The story, set in the Song dynasty , tells of how a group of outlaws gather at Mount Liang or Liangshan Marsh to form a sizable army before they are eventually granted amnesty by the government and sent on campaigns to resist foreign invaders and suppress rebel forces. The group was active in the Huainan region and surrendered to the Song government in They were recorded in the historical text History of Song. The outlaw Song Jiang of Huainan and others attacked the army at Huaiyang , the Emperor sent generals to attack and arrest them. The outlaws infringed on the east of the capital Kaifeng , Hebei , and entered the boundaries of Chu referring to present-day Hubei and Hunan and Haizhou covering parts of present-day Jiangsu. The prefect Zhang Shuye was ordered to pacify them. Zhang Shuye's biography further described Song Jiang and the outlaws' activities and how they were eventually defeated by Zhang.

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All Men Are Brothers

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As Salam, Tp ko org x perasan ke? Lgpun semasa Destiny Song, Islam sdg b'kembang dgn pesat. Adakah kerana Puak Liangshan?? Ajaran Taoism juga wujud pd destiny t'sebut.

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