BUTIA ODORATA PDF

Family : Arecaceae. The species is native to southern Brazil Rio Grande do Sul and Uruguay where it grows in the prairies pampas on soils mainly sandy at low altitudes. The Butia odorata Barb. Noblick is a monoecious species very variable with solitary stem, up to about 8 m tall with a diameter of cm, of greyish colour, with perstistent traces of the bases of the old leaves. The leaves, on an up to 1,3 m long petiole with serrate-spiny margins, are pinnate, imbricate and arranged in a slight spiral, arcuate, 1,,8 m long, with rigid leaflets, linear with acute apex, arranged more or less irregularly along the rachis in groups of and spaced cm to form a V.

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Family : Arecaceae. The species is native to southern Brazil Rio Grande do Sul and Uruguay where it grows in the prairies pampas on soils mainly sandy at low altitudes.

The Butia odorata Barb. Noblick is a monoecious species very variable with solitary stem, up to about 8 m tall with a diameter of cm, of greyish colour, with perstistent traces of the bases of the old leaves. The leaves, on an up to 1,3 m long petiole with serrate-spiny margins, are pinnate, imbricate and arranged in a slight spiral, arcuate, 1,,8 m long, with rigid leaflets, linear with acute apex, arranged more or less irregularly along the rachis in groups of and spaced cm to form a V.

The leaflets are long in the median part about 70 cm and 2,4 cm broad, of a more or less glaucous colour with a thin white waxy patina below. The inflorescences generate between the leaves interfoliar , on a 0,,8 m long peduncle covered by a thin waxy layer, waxy and powdery, are bout 0,9 m, with ramifications of the first order, initially enclosed in an erect spathe, woody, oblong-lanceolate acuminate, about 0,5 m long, externally of pale brown colour, smooth.

Unisexual flowers of a usually yellow colour arranged in triad one female flower between two male ones ; the inflorescences display the phenomenon of the proterandry the male flowers ripen before the female ones that favours the crossed fecundation.

The fruit is a usually globose-depressed drupe when ripe of mainly yellow colour, less frequently orange and reddish orange, of about ,8 cm of diameter and 1, cm long, with globose endocarp, hard, of ,3 cm of diameter, containing seeds. Since some time the most diffused among the Butia cultivated in USA and in Europe, in particular in the Mediterranean area, has had quite a troubled life form the taxonomical point of view.

In brief, it was initially described with the name of Cocos odorata Barb. In the American botanist Larry Roland Noblick, deep connoisseur of the American palms, has brought back the populations south of Brazil and Uruguay go the rank of species with the name of Butia odorata. Preferably it requires full sun and is not particular about the soil, acidic to slightly alkaline, provided draining, even if it prefers the sandy ones.

Well rooted it resists to drought periods, but grows much faster if periodically irrigated in the climates characterized by long warm and dry summers. A further interest for this species is given by the fruits, abundantly produced, having a very scented and pleasantly acidulous pulp, though rather fibrous, rich of antioxidants, particularly carotenoids, mineral and vitamin C.

In its origin sites the fruits are consumed fresh or utilized for making jams, juices, sorbets and alcoholic beverages, and the leaves, rich of resistant fibres, employed for creating handicrafts artistic and of common use. Synonyms: Cocos odorata Barb. Abbott ex Nehrl.

Bailey ; Butia capitata var. Bailey Butia odorata was last modified: March 19th, by Giuseppe Mazza.

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Butia odorata

Jelly Palm - Butia odorata Fig. Noblick , formerly capitata Mart. Bailey; B. Herter 4 Relatives Yatay Palm B. Each fruit contains a single seed.

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Butia odorata Barb. Noblick Arecaceae Butia capitata, in its strict sense, is native to eastern Brazil, north of Rio de Janeiro. It has often been treated in a wider sence to include the form found in southern Brazil and Uruguay. This southern form is now treated as a distinct species Butia odorata Barb. If you have any useful information about this plant, please leave a comment.

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Butia odorata , also known as the South American jelly palm , [3] jelly palm , [3] [4] or pindo palm , [3] is a Butia palm native to southernmost Brazil and Uruguay. It is identifiable by its feather palm pinnate leaves that arch inwards towards a thick stout trunk. These palms are often called Butia capitata in horticulture. It was seen as a synonym of that more tropical species until , and many botanical gardens, collectors, and those in the nursery trade have not yet changed their labelling. Even more confusingly; plants with the invented name B. Until this species was lumped together with Butia capitata , a species first described by Karl Friedrich Philipp von Martius in in montane grasslands in the inner country in Minas Gerais.

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