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Publicado por Gredos Soft cover. No Jacket. Tan solo dos subrayados cortos. Algunos rasgados leves en las sobrecubiertas. Se pueden enviar fotos. Publicado por Alianza Editorial Sa Old full leather. This edition is much better than the original Italian.

Interesting chapters about the indians, minas and a furibund atack against Raynal and Robertson. Contemporary full leather. Publicado por Francesco Lorenzini da Turino, Venice Vendedor: Sanctuary Books, A. Bound with his: Della Filosofia Naturale. Parte Prima. Together, 2 volumes in one separately titled. Woodcut chapter head and initial decorated with putti and foliage at beginning.

Text in italic. Few scattered annotations or underlines, in an early hand, in Italian. Piccolomini s work on natural philosophy was an Italian humanist favorite; he was the first to publish on these subjects in the vernacular. Among the works of the Sienese humanist and philosopher, Alessandro Piccolomini, this, his instrumental work on philosophy, brought questions to the level of a methodical discussion with remarkable clarity.

Piccolomini published L Instrumento de la filosofia and La prima parte della filosofia naturalle as a manual, but in one volume. Both works, focusing on methodology, are integral to Piccolomini s humanist educational program. In his preface to the Instrumento, Piccolomini states he believes people would learn to reason correctly if they were taught the rules of logic in their own native tongue. Piccolomini also makes a comment in the dedication to Pope Giulio III that he is the first vernacular writer to deal systematically with the subject of natural philosophy.

The first edition is exceedingly rare. This edition not located on OCLC. Publicado por Visor Perfect Paperback. Publicado por Madrid, Por D. Joachin Ibarra, Vendedor: Richard C. Woodcut initials. Minor soiling and stains. Library stamp erased from verso of title-page, leaving 2 small holes without text loss. In very good condition. Later nineteenth century? Entry from a German auction catalogue pasted to top of same page. It was written to counter the allegations of Spanish mistreatment of the Indians that had been published in Robertson's History of America, London , and Raynal's Histoire philosophique et politique, Amsterdam Next there is a section on how the Spanish acquired land from the Indians and whether their conquests were morally acceptable.

Pages deal with the Inquisition. Nuix compares the behavior of the Spanish with that of other European conquerors, insisting that any atrocities in the Spanish colonies were committed by individuals who were later reprimanded by the Spanish government.

He concludes by arguing that any harm done to the Indians was more than compensated for by the introduction of Christianity among them. It includes a preface by the translator in which he argues that the Spanish form of colonialism was unique: that the crimes being attributed to Spain were in fact the work of private individuals, and were minor compared to those of other European nations. This dovetails nicely with Nuix's contention in the main text.

By he was teaching rhetoric at Vich. One of the arguments Nuix uses to bolster his credibility in discussing the Spaniards is that he was a Catalan, and the Catalans did not participate in the colonization of the Indies. After the Jesuits were expelled from Spain, Nuix spent the rest of his life in Italy. Medina, Bibliotheca hispano-americana Backer-Sommervogel V, Sempere y Guarinos IV, Sabin JFB N Whitehead, "Joaquin Ibarra.

Holdings in. Publicado por Joachin Ibarra, Madrid Vendedor: The Book Collector, Inc. Translated with notes by Pedro Varela y Ulloa. Palau First Spanish edition. A text that engaged the well-studied debates about the natural history of the Americas and Spain s colonial history. In , in Venice, Juan Nuix published Riflessioni imparziali supra l'umanita degli spagnuoli nell' Indie contro i pretersi filosofi e politici.

Nuix, a Catalan living in Italy since the expulsion of the Jesuits, wrote the book to defend Spanish colonialism and historiography against the attacks of Robertson and Raynal. It sailed by the censors in the Council of the Indies, and two separate translations appeared in succession, one in , edited by a member of the Royal Council, Pedro Varela y Ulloa, and another in , by Joseph Nuix, Juan's brother.

The Spanish edition sponsored by the crown opened with an essay by Varela y Ulloa, in which he first offered a searing Critique of traditional forms of colonialism, not unlike that put forth by Raynal. After describing military campaigns in foreign lands, from Alexander the Great to Genghis Kahn, as butcheries, Varela y Ulloa went on to claim that the Spanish colonialism was unique.

The crimes attributed to Spain in the Indies had been committed by private individuals, who did not represent the nation as a whole, and who had acted as they did while surrounded by hungry cannibals. Moreover, compared with the atrocities committed by other European colonial powers, the actions of the Spaniards looked like misdemeanors. Varela y Ulloa's effort to portray Spanish colonialism as unique benign captured the essence of Nuix's thesis well.

Nuix's defense of the record of Spanish colonialism opened with passages that sought to bolster his credibility by stressing that he was a Catalan, and that Catalans had not really participated in the Spanish colonization of the Indies, so that he could not be accused of being partisan.

He then articulated a five-pronged defense of Castilian colonial behavior in America, seeking to demonstrate the unreliability of the sources used by Robertson and Raynal, and of their interpretations.

Nuix First set out to prove that charges of Spanish cruelty to Amerindians were exaggerations, originally put into circulation by writers such as Las Casas, whose reports on the destruction of the Indies were at the root of most foreign criticisms of Spain.

According to Nuix, Las Casas was of Flemish origin, which explained why he had sought to undermine Spain. Las Casas also often contradicted himself, Nuix argued no impartial jury could trust such "an inept" witness. Foreign historians who had echoed Las Casas's allegations were not credible either, not Robertson, whose moderation had prompted him to dismiss Las Casas.

Robertson had selected and reinterpreted the testimony of Spanish witnesses when recounting various colonial massacres. Instead of quoting them, moreover, Robertson had manipulated the testimony of witnesses to depict the Amerindians as passive victims of Spanish cruelty. History was not a matter of interpretation, however, but of faithfully presenting the testimony of witnesses, and in that respect, Robertson lacked credibility. In order to prove that Spaniards in America had not behaved like greedy barbarians, Nuix argued that the alleged depopulation caused by the Conquest was the product of factors outside human control.

The infantile susceptibility of the natives to disease, for example, was why epidemics had wiped them out. The barrenness of the Americas and the idleness of the originally small number of natives had moved the conquerors to create economies based on mining and large estates. Such economies along with the foreign monopoly on colonial trade, not Spanish cruelty and greed, Nuix contended, were responsible for having slowed both markets and population growth.

Publicado por Tecnos Satisfaction Guaranteed! Book is in Used-Good condition. Pages and cover are clean and intact. Used items may not include supplementary materials such as CDs or access codes. May show signs of minor shelf wear and contain limited notes and highlighting. Firenze Giuseppe Ragani. In Italian. Square octavo, pp. Near Fine, very light wear. Clean and bright, no spotting or foxing. Publicado por Buenos Aires Vendedor: Michael R. Thompson Books, A.

Alessandro Piccolomini was a Siena-born Italian humanist who translated some of the classics into Italian, including Ovid's Metamorphoses, part of Vergil's Aeneid, and Aristotle's Poetics and Rhetoric. While a student at the University of Padua, he helped found the Infiammati Academy, where he gave lectures in philosophy.

Thomas in his Universal Pronouncing Dictionary of Biography calls him "the first who wrote on philosophy in the Italian language.


La nascita della filosofia

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Giorgio Colli, El Nacimiento de La Filosofia

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