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Gita Govindam, lyrical poetry in Sanskrit celebrating the love between Krishna and the gopis, specifically Radha, is authored by Jayadeva, the 12th century devotee-poet from Orissa. The basis for this work is the 5 chapters 29 to 33 of Srimadbhagavatam known as Rasapanchadhyaayi which describe the events leading to the rasaleela, the great dance on the banks of the Yamuna where each gopi thinks that Krishna is with her.
Srimadbhagavatam, however, does not specifically talk about a gopi named Radha though Radha is described as the very heart of Krishna in some of the other Puranas. End of chapterprabandha Then Radha kisses him, saying to Krishna, in the guise of gitastuti , that his face is nectarine.
Sri P R Ramamurthy Ji was the author of this website. When he started this website in , he was in his eighties. He was able to publish such a great number of posts in limited time of 4 years. We appreciate his enthusiasm for Sanskrit Literature. You must log in to post a comment. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed. The whole work is divided into twelve chapters sargas , each chapter containing one or more prabandhas.
There are in all 24 Ashtapadis in Gita Govindam. It is said that the Poet-devotee Jayadeva would sing the Ashtapadis and his wife Padmavati would dance to the music. The translation in no way can do justice to the poetic excellence or the beauty of expression of the original. It is evening, clouds are gathering in the sky, the forest is dark with tamala trees and Krishna is afraid of the darkness of night.
Nandagopa asks Radha to take Krishna home safely. Victory to the love sports of Radha and Madhava in the secrecy of every bush and bower on the banks of Yamuna, on their way home. Only Jayadeva knows which words are most appropriate to the context. O Keshava, Lord of the Worlds! Victory to you, O Hari! You took the form of a huge tortoise on whose expansive top shell stood the Mandara Mountain which was used for the churning of Milky Ocean for nectar.
You took the form of a gigantic boar and lifted up the Earth from the ocean. The Earth resting at the tip of your white teeth looked like the mark on the bright surface of the moon. You took the form of a man-lion with huge sharp nails in your lotus-hands by which you tore down the demon Hiranyakashipu like a honey-bee in a lotus flower.
You incarnated as Bhargava Rama and bathed the Earth with the blood of evil kshatriyas and relieved the world of their tyranny. You will take the form of Kalki , like a comet, and take up a sharp sword to kill the hordes of mlechchas who repudiate the Vedas.
You took ten different forms in your ten incarnations. Victory to you, O. Jayadeva has added Buddha as an incarnation to retain the conventional number of ten incarnations. O Krishna! Victory to thee. Adorning the orb of the Sun, breaking the bonds of samsara , the swan in the hearts of hermits, O Hari!
Conqueror of the serpent kaliya, delighter of the people, sun for the lotus of Yadu dynasty, O Hari! Having eyes resembling the blemishless petals of the lotus, releasing devotees from the cycle of births and deaths and the very foundation of the edifice of the three worlds, OHari!
Handsome as the newly formed cloud, uplifter of Mandara and the chakora bird drinking the nectar of the moon which is the face of Goddess Lakshmi, O Hari! This resplendent song by Poet Jayadeva delights people and. O Hari! May the profusion of perspiration on his body as the external manifestation of love fulfil all your wishes.
Prabandha- 3. It is spring time and Radha of tender limbs like the flowers of the spring season is worried, tormented as she is by love-fever.
She wanders hurriedly in the forests following in the footsteps of Krishna and her feet start aching. Her friend now speaks to her thus :. The cool breeze from the Malaya mountain blows embracing tender clove-creepers. There is the buzz of honey bees and the cooing of cuckoos.
This is hell for those who are separated from their lovers. In this sweet spring time, Krishna is frolicking with a group of dancing young gopis. It is time when the wives of travellers away from home feel the pangs of separation, stricken as they are by the arrows of Cupid. Swarms of honey bees buzz around the abundance of flowers on the bakula trees.
In this sweet spring time etc. The tamala trees are clothed in newly sprouted tender leaves emitting the sweet smell of musk. The spread of golden-colored kimshuka flowers gives the impression that they are the radiance from the nails of Cupid who pierces the heart of young men. The blooming kesara flowers give the impression of a golden umbrella over the head of Cupid.
It seems that the flowering young karuna trees are laughing at the world which has shed all shame in the spring season. The Ketaki flowers shaped like spear seem to pierce the heart of those who are separated from their lovers. Madhavi, chameli and navamallika flowers spread their soft fragrance during the spring season. It seduces the hearts of even hermits and saints. Spring is the selfless friend of the young.
The mango tree embraced by the chameli creeper becomes ecstatic and sprouts buds. Vrindavan is purified by the water of the Yamuna which flows in the vicinity. Prabandha- 4. The spring air spreads the fragrance of the half-open jasmine flowers in the forests of Vrinadavan.
Carrying the fragrance of ketaki flowers, the spring air burns the hearts of those who are separated from their loved ones as if it is the soul of the God of love. Spring is the season when the mango tree sprout buds and spreads its frgrance all round. The cuckoos also play and sing their songs sitting on the tops of mango trees inflicting pain in the ears of couples separated by long distance.
Krishna has applied sandal paste on his dark blue body, is clothed in bright yellow and wears a garland of forest flowers. The ear-globes adorning his cheeks oscillate while sporting and he has a beautiful smile. Hari shines among the group of pretty young gopis engaged in frolicking. One gopi carrying the weight of her ample bosom embraces Krishna with manifest love and gleefully sings in panchama raga.
Hari shines etc. Hari shines ….. Hari shines etc….. Another gopi plafully leads Krishna to a pretty bower along the banks of Yamuna and starts pulling at his clothes. Hari shines etc…. Another gopi dances mingling the rhythmic tinkling of her bracelts with the melody from the flute of Krishna who praises her for her skills.
Krishna embraces a gopi , kisses another, gladdens yet another, looks at another with a beautiful smile and follows another pretty one. May this bestow auspiciousness and fame on those who hear this. O Radha!
Krishna gladdens the hearts of the gopis by embracing them. He leads the festival of the Love God by his handsome body dark blue as the blue lily. The air from malayachala is afraid of being gulped down by the serpents resident there, takes the path to the Himalayas in the hope floating on the ice there. The cuckoos, on the other hand, are overjoyed on seeing the smooth flowers on top of the mango trees and start cooing happily.
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GITA GOVINDAM- CHAPTER -1
Gita Govindam, lyrical poetry in Sanskrit celebrating the love between Krishna and the gopis, specifically Radha, is authored by Jayadeva, the 12th century devotee-poet from Orissa. The basis for this work is the 5 chapters 29 to 33 of Srimadbhagavatam known as Rasapanchadhyaayi which describe the events leading to the rasaleela, the great dance on the banks of the Yamuna where each gopi thinks that Krishna is with her. Srimadbhagavatam, however, does not specifically talk about a gopi named Radha though Radha is described as the very heart of Krishna in some of the other Puranas. End of chapterprabandha Then Radha kisses him, saying to Krishna, in the guise of gitastuti , that his face is nectarine.
Geet govindam pdf
For easy comprehension we have put all the names as Krishna. She transmutes his glory into prema ananda , the zenith of blissful happiness, in which alone he takes pleasure. This is the idea of gita govindam. And that Queen Nature always longs for her togetherness with that God as she knows none else.
It describes the relationship between Krishna and the gopis female cow herders of Vrindavana , and in particular one gopi named Radha. The Gita Govinda is organized into twelve chapters. Each chapter is further sub-divided into twenty-four divisions called Prabandha s. The prabandhas contain couplets grouped into eights, called Ashtapadis. It is mentioned that Radha is greater than Krishna. The text also elaborates the eight moods of Heroine, the Ashta Nayika , which has been an inspiration for many compositions and choreographic works in Indian classical dances. The work delineates the love of Krishna for Radha, the milkmaid, his faithlessness and subsequent return to her, and is taken as symbolical of the human soul's straying from its true allegiance but returning at length to the God which created it.