Charles Correa: Kanchanjunga Apartments. Citation Khan, Hasan-Uddin, ed. Singapore: Concept Media Ltd. His contribution to design and planning has been internationally acclaimed and he has received several major awards including an Honorary Doctorate from the University of Michigan in and the Royal Gold Medal in Architecture.
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Kroon student. Two-dimensional side-views Three-dimensional overview Historical context Sun study: mean day, Sun study: mean day, Sun study: mean day, In the first quarter of the Master Architecture, in the program Dwelling, at Delft University of Technology, the students have to analyse a residential building. The choosable buildings were published in Het woongebouw - Klassieke en recente ontwerpen, by Jasper van Zwol.
I chose the Kanchanjunga building, an 84 metres high residential tower in Bombay, India. I chose this building, because in The Netherlands it is an unknown building by an unknown architect, Charles Correa.
For me it is instructive to analyse something I do not know before, because it prevents prejudices. On the next pages, the building is shown on minimalized drawings.
They show different parts of the design, divided in different parameters. Each subject includes one or more short conclusions. After the drawings, there is an analytical description of the Kanchanjunga Apartments on page 41 of this booklet, whit references to the drawings.
Enjoy reading this, but remember: One image says more than thousand words! Eelko Kroon. Charles Correa created gaps in that tower. The two-floors-high-loggias are created to keep out the sun and take in the cool sea-breezes.
Some of them have an exception, a special version. The difference between both buildings is the opening up. Le Corbusier used horizontal corridors. Correa created a tower with only 2 apartments on each floor. Therefore he used a central vertical core for the opening up. See page It is the main structural element for resisting lateral loads. This was necessary because of the cantilevered terraces. Almost all current skyscrapers are built after Kanchanjunga.
March 21 and September 21 are the mean days of the year. A sun study on that days is representative for the mean daily situation. During the morning sunbathing is only possible for the residents of the highest apartments.
That is possible, because there are no near skyscrapers in the south. In the evening, the western skyscraper throws shadows on Kanchanjunga. In Charles Correa started his design for the Kanchanjunga Apartments. This 84 metres high tower is located on the hilly western edge of Bombay, India. The building attracts attention because of its loggias.
In Bombay a building has to be oriented east-west to catch the prevailing sea-breezes1. The best views that can be seen from a skyscraper are also located in the east the Arabian Sea and the west the harbour.
For that reason Charles Correa designed his two-floorshigh loggias, because they make it possible to have a view from inside the apartments to the harbour and the Arabian see, but they also function as a protection against direct sunlight2.
The Kanchanjunga-tower has a proportion of being 21 metres square and 84 metres high 3. The loggias look like gaps in this straight tower4. Also significant is that the Kanchanjunga-tower was one of the first high-rise buildings in this area of Bombay7. Photos from the early eighties do not show other skyscrapers, while recent pictures show lots of them.
Kanchanjunga is a tower with only two apartments on each floor, so he used only a core for vertical transport9. Another difference: Charles Correa created split level dwell-. There are five basic and two secondary apartment types They are all very big and vary in size from to square metres The amount of bedrooms is also varying from 3 to 6.
All the apartments have a little room for a servant, which is directly connected to the kitchen The earlier mentioned central vertical core, which houses elevators and staircases, has also a structural function: it resists against lateral loads. The core is constructed in reinforced concrete, ahead of the main structure, by slip form method of construction. This technique was used for the first time in India for this building This was necessary because of the cantilevered terraces The two concrete constructions form a tube-in-tube system, which gives stability to the total tower All in all, we can conclude Charles Correa used new techniques and an extraordinary concept of creating loggias and split level dwellings.
His tower attracts and deserves attention. Living there is pleasant for its inhabitants, because they have lot of space, and their own terrace gardens with nice views. The Kanchanjunga-tower is a prominent building of a prominent Indian architect!
Notes: 1. See page 11 5. See the photo on page 40 6. See the photo on page 7 7. See page 34 8. See page 14 and 23 See page 24 and 25 Zwol, Jasper van, Het woongebouw - Klassieke en recente ontwerpen, Amsterdam, , p.
See page 29 Knaack, Prof. Ulrich, Design of Construction, Delft, , p. Journals Armanda, D. Analyseverslag van het Indiase apartemententengebouw Kanchanjunga in Bombay, ontworpen tussen en door de bekende architect Charles See More. Historical buildings before 20 century buildings before Kanchanjunga - Recent buildings after th Sun study: mean day, March 21 and September 21 are the mean days of the year.
Eelko Kroon Notes: 1. Published on Nov 9, Go explore.
Kanchenjunga Apartments: Innovation at its best
Kroon student. Two-dimensional side-views Three-dimensional overview Historical context Sun study: mean day, Sun study: mean day, Sun study: mean day, In the first quarter of the Master Architecture, in the program Dwelling, at Delft University of Technology, the students have to analyse a residential building. The choosable buildings were published in Het woongebouw - Klassieke en recente ontwerpen, by Jasper van Zwol. I chose the Kanchanjunga building, an 84 metres high residential tower in Bombay, India. I chose this building, because in The Netherlands it is an unknown building by an unknown architect, Charles Correa. For me it is instructive to analyse something I do not know before, because it prevents prejudices.
Kanchanjunga Apartments at Cumbala Hill
The building is 28 storeys 85 metres high and square in plan: 21 meters x 21 meters. The basic interlock is that of a three and four bedroom apartment with the larger flats formed by the addition of another half level. The structure is built around a central service core which was constructed first. Each of the flats have large usable garden-terraces which have dramatic city views. In section, there is a continuous variation of internal spaces best expressed as shear walls on the north and south elevations of the building. The Bombay climate and location present architects with a contradictory situation: the east-west axis affords the best views of the Arabian sea to the west and the harbour to the east and catches all the sea breezes, but also brings into the buildings the hot afternoon sun and the hard monsoon rains. Correa decided to use the organisation of a bungalow of wrapping around the main living spaces a protective verandah.