KUNGUMAM IN PDF

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Kumkuma is a powder used for social and religious markings in India. It is made from turmeric or any other local materials. The turmeric is dried and powdered with a bit of slaked lime , which turns the rich yellow powder into a red color.

Kumkuma is most often applied by Indians to the forehead. The reason has to do with the ancient Indian belief that "the human body is divided into seven vortices of energy, called chakras , beginning at the base of the spine and ending at the top of the head.

The sixth chakra , also known as the third eye , is centered in the forehead directly between the eyebrows and is believed to be the channel through which humankind opens spiritually to the Divine". Thus, the kumkuma is placed where Indians believe to be the most important spot for receptivity to be enhanced. In the Vaishnava tradition, the "white lines represent the footprint of their God, while the red refers to his consort, Lakshmi".

The 'color' of the womb is yellow and is symbolically represented by turmeric. The blood stains on the womb is represented by kumkuma. It is believed that the combination of turmeric and kumkuma represents prosperity. When a girl or a married woman visits a house, it is a sign of respect in case of an elderly lady or blessings in case of a girl to offer kumkuma to them when they leave.

However, it is not offered to widows. Men, women, girls, and boys also apply a dot on their forehead of red turmeric powder, when visiting a temple or during a pooja. Kumkuma at temples is found in heaps. People dip their thumb into the heap and apply it on the forehead or between the eyebrows.

In most of India, married women apply red kumkuma to the parting of their hair above their forehead every day as a symbol of marriage. This is called vermilion, or in Hindi, sindoor. In southern India, many unmarried girls wear a bindi every day unlike northern India where it is only worn as a symbol of marriage.

Kumkum is made from turmeric by adding limestone and is an Ayurvedic facial material along with turmeric. Kumkuma is also widely used for worshiping the Hindu goddesses, especially Shakti and Lakshmi , and a kumkuma powder is thrown along with other mixtures into the air during Holi the Festival of Colours , a popular Hindu spring festival.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Kumkuma is a red colour powder used for social and religious markings in India. For Indian film actress, see Kumkum actress. For the magazine, see Kungumam magazine. For the film, see Kungumam film. In The Life of Hinduism , ed. Vasudha Narayanan and John Stratton Hawley.

Los Angeles: University of California Press, Indian Rites and Rituals. First edition. Amdavad: Swaminarayana Aksharpitha, Arranged marriage in India Inter caste marriage Love marriage.

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Sentences Mobile Manjal Kungumam " and was admitted to hospital. At the end of the story, Sambasivam applies kungumam to Vedhavalli at the request of Sundharam. His political and topical columns are regular in Tamil periodicals such as Kungumam , Nakeeran and Tamil popular daily Dinamalar. He also wrote a series, " Cheei Pakkangal " on the history of forbidden topics in Kungumam weekly. Shikakai apply kungumam kumkum to their foreheads, paint their horns, and feed them a mixture of venn pongal, jaggery, honey, banana and other fruits.

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Kungumam was first published on 25 December From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article relies too much on references to primary sources. Please improve this by adding secondary or tertiary sources.

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