Arnaud G. Tome 2 fascicule 4, Bilateral congenitally hip luxation and porotic hyperostosis on an early-christian woman's skeleton. Here is studied the skeleton of a young woman, belonging to the Mediterranean type, buried in an early Christian tomb. She suffered from bilateral congenitally displasia of the hip joint and porotic hyperostosis in the skull vault hyperostosis spongiosa cranii.
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The French Institute for Demographic Studies or INED, is a public research institute specialized in population studies that works in partnership with the academic and research communities at national and international levels. With its research units, the Institute promotes communication and exchange within the scientific community and between researchers and the general public while conducting numerous European and international research projects. Nearly people, including 50 tenured, or permanent, researchers and more than 40 doctoral students, work at INED; there are also 40 associate researchers.
The Institute has 10 research units, a mixed research unit and 5 research support services, including the Statistical Methods and Surveys departments. With its strong interdisciplinarity and its status as a reference in demography, INED is an active contributor to the development of French research. The Institute is one of the driving forces of major current research projects, such as the Campus Condorcet, which is transforming the landscape of the humanities and social sciences in the Paris region.
One distinguishing characteristic of INED is its ability to conduct research studies that cover not just France but a large part of the world. The international scope of the Institute may be seen in its many partnerships with institutions abroad and its active role in the world scientific community. INED researchers have a long tradition of collaboration with their counterparts throughout the world. To facilitate scientific cooperation, the Institute has established numerous partnerships and is involved in all the international population research networks; it also supports the mobility of its doctoral students and researchers.
INED is an actor in European research policy. The Institute is active in many projects funded by the European Union and in the main initiatives that unite the community of European demographers. As one of the founding institutions, INED is actively involved in the development of Campus Condorcet Paris-Aubervilliers, the future human and social science research hub now under construction at the gates of the French capital.
Because INED is a public organization, its staff and permanent researchers are civil servants hired on the basis of competitive examinations that range from vocational certificate to doctoral level. It also hires on a task- or limited-term contract-basis in extremely diverse areas. INED recruits researchers, engineers and technicians by way of official competitive examinations.
On this page you can find the latest examination announcements, descriptions of currently available positions and information on submitting an application. Use this section to submit a speculative application for a job or internship at INED. Research at INED is organized around multidisciplinary and topic-focused teams made up of its own permanent researchers and associated researchers.
Institute research units host doctoral students and post-docs for training in and through research. Over 70 multi-annual projects are under way. For some, INED designs and carries out its own surveys—one of its specificities. Collected data are then made available to the scientific community. INED is placing increasing emphasis on training in research through the practice of research.
Every year the Institute hosts PhD students from France and abroad selected on an application basis. Students work under researcher supervision and depending on their thesis topic, they join one or two research teams.
They are benefiting from INED work resources and its stimulating environment. INED also offers one- or two-year post-doctoral contracts to young French or foreign researchers. Recipients are selected on the basis of their competence, the quality and originality of their research project, and its relevance to INED research areas.
INED designs and carries out its own surveys. The data thus collected are accessible to the entire scientific community. The Institute has its own survey office, which defines sampling methods, assists in designing questionnaires and drawing up data collection protocols, and adjusts statistical samples. It is also in charge of making anonymized data available to others. INED makes a vast body of resources on population available to website users, including the INED library, open to all and accessible on line; and presentations of statistical analysis and survey methods.
The GED comprises the collections of over 50 libraries, documentation, and archive centers, all in the service of human and social science research. Research relies on a wide range of statistical analysis methods to process survey data and to describe and model demographic events and phenomena on the basis of that data. Alongside classic methods such as data analysis and logistic regression, several other methods have come to the fore in the last 30 years.
Seminars on research methodology and practices in France and abroad, articles on method use, and extensive reference lists are just some of the statistics-related resources available. Each survey is specific but all surveys include a number of requisite steps and phases.
Important factors to be taken into account from the outset include survey protocol, sampling frame, budget, regulations, questionnaire testing, data file compilation, and quality assessment. It may assist with data production throughout the process or provide help on particular survey phases only. Every INED survey is designed to investigate a particular research question or set of questions.
Methodological choices are therefore a key phase of the research. The time required to prepare the survey, design questions, conduct and assess pilot surveys and, later, to evaluate the quality of the data collected must not be underestimated.
A tour of the globe to explore its population. Use this section to: - compare demographic indicators for different countries; - help prepare for a class or an oral presentation; - find simple answers to your questions; - reflect on complex issues; - learn the basics of demography; - extend your knowledge through play All about population in Figures: tables on the French and world population and access to several online databases.
The latest data on the population of metropolitan France structure and trends are given in a series of tables. More complete datasets dating back to earlier years can also be downloaded in CSV format.
INSEE includes the DOMs in its annual demographic overview and in most of the tables in its detailed annual study of the demographic situation in France. A provisional estimate is first issued and final figures are published at a later date. Censuses are conducted in certain years to enumerate the population. The population changes from one year to the next. Natural change is the difference between births and deaths, and can be determined precisely from vital records.
Net migration is the difference between the number of immigrants and the number of emigrants. It is estimated on the basis of available statistics. Adjustments are sometimes made to establish overall consistency between census population figures and inter-census estimates of population change.
To estimate its relative scale, population change is often expressed in relation to the mean population of a given year. Rates of birth, death, natural increase and total variation are obtained in this way. Registered births are recorded in statistical bulletins which provide a rich source of information.
Completed cohort fertility is also calculated every year. For example, women born in were 34 years old in We know how many children they have had before age 34 and we can estimate how many children they will have during their reproductive life. Fertility can be controlled by means of contraception and induced abortion. Information on contraceptive practice in France is obtained through surveys conducted regularly by INED since among the entire female population.
The number of induced abortions is estimated on the basis of abortion notifications and hospital statistics. INED is responsible for publication of abortion statistics. Marriage registers provide a rich source of information on marriage practices: number of marriages, previous marital status and nationality of spouses, etc.
The first task in a population census is to enumerate dwellings. Persons living in the same dwelling form a household, so each household comprises all the persons living in a single dwelling.
According to the census definitions, a household may comprise one or more families. Death registers provide a means to measure variations in mortality. Deaths by sex and age are used to construct life tables which give life expectancy at birth, i. The mortality of children under the age of one year is also specifically calculated.
When a person dies, a doctor records the cause of death on a death certificate which is sent to INSERM where all causes of death are coded. On this page INED presents an overview of the annual number of entries of foreign citizens who immigrate legally and permanently to France.
These immigration flow statistics consider only foreign nationals who are required to obtain a residence permit, and thus exclude citizens of the European Union.
In line with international recommendations, only permits valid for more than one year are taken into account. Population censuses provide an opportunity to count the number of inhabitants who were born outside France.
Among foreign-born inhabitants, a distinction is generally made between persons born with French nationality and immigrants, who are born with a different nationality. Inhabitants are distinguished by their nationality, i.
French or foreign and, among French citizens, those who were born French and those who have been naturalized. The census provides information on current nationality and nationality at birth. Foreigners and immigrants form two different categories. Immigrants "born abroad as a foreign national" may still be foreigners at the time of the census or may have become French. Foreigners, for their part, may have been born abroad in which case they are immigrants or in France in which case they are not immigrants.
This section provides data tables on populations, births and deaths in Europe and in developed countries. It also includes indicators of population change birth and death rates and the two main demographic indicators: the total fertility rate and life expectancy at birth.
The World Population Prospects publication provides United Nations population estimates for all countries in the world for each year between and and projections under different scenarios low, medium and high for each year between and The figures presented here correspond to the projections for the current year in the medium scenario.
An atlas, interactive maps, an animated film on migrations and annotated graphs that will enable you to visualize and understand world demographic trends and the issues they involve.
So you think you know everything about population? Check how well you do on our quizzes. Demographic fact sheets offer a brief, clear overview of current knowledge about populations. These materials—teaching kits, analytical notes, and interviews—summarize specific scientific questions and decipher the issues related to population questions. All of them may be used as tools for introducing students to demographic phenomena and demographic change in France and throughout the world.
Rechercher :. About INED The French Institute for Demographic Studies or INED, is a public research institute specialized in population studies that works in partnership with the academic and research communities at national and international levels.
Who we are.
Technique du Traitement de la Luxation Congenitale de la Hanche.
The French Institute for Demographic Studies or INED, is a public research institute specialized in population studies that works in partnership with the academic and research communities at national and international levels. With its research units, the Institute promotes communication and exchange within the scientific community and between researchers and the general public while conducting numerous European and international research projects. Nearly people, including 50 tenured, or permanent, researchers and more than 40 doctoral students, work at INED; there are also 40 associate researchers. The Institute has 10 research units, a mixed research unit and 5 research support services, including the Statistical Methods and Surveys departments.
La luxation congénitale de la hanche.
Congenital hip dislocation has been regularly reviewed, in the wake of important progress made over the last thirty years, and more precisely in the field of clinical and ultrasonographic screening, as well as in early treatment. The search of a consensus on the best screening methods who? This is the purpose of the present review of current ideas from a historical perspective. Previous Article Editorial Board. Journal page Archives Contents list.
This article is only available in the PDF format. Download the PDF to view the article, as well as its associated figures and tables. Calot's work of pages on the technic of treatment of congenital hip dislocation is profusely illustrated. It aims to present the technic in such a way that any practitioner can treat congenital dislocation of the hip joint without the necessity for referring the child to a specialist, if the child is seen between the ages of 2 and 5. Calot first describes the differentiation of the condition as the child begins to walk, and then tells how to prepare the joint as a preliminary to reduction, and then the various steps of the reduction.
The aim of this study was to present the indications, technique and results of open reduction for congenital hip dislocation performed after failure of conservative treatment. Criteria of inclusion in the series were: congenital dislocation of the hip treated conservatively before the age of six months requiring open reduction for failure of initial treatment between and During this period, hips sustained conservative treatment. The series counted 33 hips in 29 children.