You are currently using the site but have requested a page in the site. Would you like to change to the site? Garrett Birkhoff , Gian-Carlo Rota. Garrett Birkhoff was an American mathematician.

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Verified Purchase. This is a terrible textbook. After being forced to use it for a class, I can safely say that in every set of problems there are at least 5 errors. I'm not talking about small typos--these errors disrupt the entire problem.

Often, the author screws up equations entirely in the problems and randomly changes what he has named each variable. Also, it appears as if the authors didn't bother to solve out the problems they were doing. Some of the problems lead to long and tedious computation: if you're in an Ordinary Differential Equations class, you should know how to take a derivative.

The book is also painfully outdated Look forward to computers that can calculate to 7 decimal places!!! Half of the formulas are wrong anyway and can't be trusted without verification from someone who is already knowledgeable about the subject. For a book that is so expensive, and in paperback no less, I expected more examples and at least a reasonable editor.

Unless you're forced to buy this book, or enjoy reading an unedited copy that the authors clearly didn't even look at after they typed, I would highly recommend against wasting so much of your money.

Overall, just a terrible terrible textbook all around and not worth even buying as a reference text. I can't believe that this is the fourth edition of this book. Considering the lack of organization and typos, I'd think it was an unpublished draft of a book.

It's honestly the worst book I have ever used. I found it harder to learn anything from than rudin. It's unclear what knowledge is a prerequisite for the material here, as the authors seeem to do some sort of review of first order linear differential equations in the beginning but then go off on different tangents.

Often terminology will be left undefined, especially in the exercises where it actually matters the most. One highlight of this happening is the chapter on limit cycles, where no formal definition "limit cycle" is actually given. And I assure you that this is not at all an isolated incident. My impression is that the authors attempted to write a terse, rigorous account of differential equations.

Instead we get an unmotivated disorganized potpourri of topics whose significance is never made clear. This text is based upon lecture notes written either by Rota and then bound by Birkhoff or vice versa and it is VERY apparant that the authors spent little time on checking for mistakes. It seems as though every fourth problem has a typographical error or is completely incorrect.

This textbook does not take an intuitive approach to the subject and the many errors gives me reason to rate it low. Nothing is more frustrating to a student than to have a text make a claim, ask you to prove it, and then you find out the claim is false.

This is not a unique occurance. Steer clear of this textbook. Possibly the best, and certainly the most realistic, mathematics exam question is a statement that you are to prove, if it is true, or for which you're to provide a counterexample, if it's false. Since you're not told whether the statement is true, the first, and frequently hardest, step is to figure out whether you believe it, thus determining whether you next seek a proof or a counterexample.

Extra credit is awarded, if you can elegantly amend the hypotheses of a false statement to produce one that's true and proceed to a proof, which can sometimes seem like an afterthought, once you've understood the situation. For what it's worth, Birkhoff loved this type of question, when he taught from this book. I say this type of question is realistic because you find yourself in the same place, when trying to solve a real problem.

For example, suppose you know that a certain proposition is true, but some calculations you're doing would be made easier, if its converse were also true.

Your first step isn't or shouldn't be! Rather, you ask yourself whether the converse makes sense--i. If it passes this test, you proceed to construct a simple example in which the converse holds, then try to make the example a little more realistic and probably harder, because you've weakened its hypotheses. Only after constructing a few examples whose hypotheses don't seem artificially strong do you finally try to prove the converse. If your examples are good ones, they may suggest how a proof works but unfortunately not always, especially if the most likely proof is nonconstructive.

They will in any case give you an idea of what the hypotheses and any auxiliary conditions should look like. My point is that in good exam questions and real problems, you almost never know whether what you're trying to prove is actually true, despite the best evidence you've accumulated.

Mathematical experience entails time spent trying to prove things later realized to be false--or, almost as-bad, true but uninteresting--because that's how we learn in any logically rigorous subject. Regrettably, knowledge absent the real frustration of framing appropriate questions is beginner's luxury soon left behind in the practice of pure or applied science. Indeed, the balance-of-frustration, as it were, not infrequently tilts toward posing the right questions, walking the maze sometimes being less problematic than mapping it in the first place.

To my mind this is the best high-end ODE book around, assuming you've already worked your way through a book like Braun that emphasizes calculation. Among the more applied texts its main competitor is Carrier and Pearson, but that text is in many ways idiosyncratic because of the authors' very Socratic approach. If your bent is a bit more theoretical, at this level there are Arnold; Devaney, Hirsch, and Smale; and its predecessor, Hirsch and Smale, which Amazon incorrectly attributes to Smale alone.

Pretty much the same is true of Hurewicz's superb older text. At an advanced level Coddington and Levinson remains the best reference, for my purposes at least, despite its age. Arnold's advanced text is also excellent but again has a geometric emphasis, as its title suggests. Full citations are in Listmania; see my Amazon profile.

I should stress that I'm no doubt ignoring many fine favorites, a few of which appear at the end of my citations, either through unfamiliarity, or because I haven't actually used them.

But having been warned, you'll learn a great deal, if you think of them as practice for problem-solving by making sure you actually believe a statement before you try to prove it. For example, think through the statement's implications, try to construct counterexamples, and so forth. If you conclude that it''s wrong, ask how the statement's hypotheses need to be modified to make it work.

To wit, my fellow reviewer did finally conclude that an infinite sequence of Sturm-Liouville eigenfunctions is bounded, and his bringing this up in his review suggests that he's never forgotten it. Thus, for the thoughtful the exercise was successful, if not quite in the way intended, and even if "frustrating [for] a student," as our learned friend complains.

Catching just a few errors in this way will make you so gloriously self-confident that you'll start probing the questions and problems in every math book you use, which is a very good thing. As the saying goes, "When life gives you lemons [especially the juicy ones, like this book], make lemonade! Talented analysts, like mathematicians in other fields, tend to keep a a relatively small number of very carefully constructed counterexamples in mind and try to adapt them to situations that arise as a step toward their understanding.

One of my professors, a mathematician of some note not Birkhoff or Rota but easily in their league , had a counterexample he called the "wandering, shrinking interval" that wrecked many incorrect conjectures, much to his delight.

It takes astonishingly few of these counterexamples to be really effective--a dozen, say, may be on the high side, if the counterexamples are well-chosen and evolve over time--and each analyst seems to have his or her own list, with a much larger, less subtle, core of interesting pathologies that all good analysts seem to know.

The subtleties ultimately derive from an oral tradition that's handed down from professor to student, which is the real purpose of advanced instruction at any level. However, a number of books talk about the well-known core in various areas of mathematics--e.

They can get you started in constructing your own counterexamples, not least by getting you into the conversations where the more sophisticated concepts are discussed; this review's Listmania page on my profile has pointers. When I read this review after almost a year, I'm struck that there's no errata in later printings of the Fourth Edition.

It seems highly likely that the authors became aware of many errors before their deaths, colleagues and students being what they are, so there probably was ample opportunity to issue such a sheet, if they'd so desired. They may have concluded, however, that corrections are superfluous, because a careful student of mathematics--the type that they tried to reach, and of which there's never been any shortage in Cambridge--would proceed as I've suggested without further ado.

Indeed, an instructor can see the uncertainty as beneficial, as it is in the exam questions I've described. There's no knowing at this point, of course, but I would find it quite plausible that they reasoned in this way. Go to Amazon.

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## Ordinary Differential Equations

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## Ordinary Differential Equations by Birkhoff Garrett Rota Gian Carlo

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## Ordinary Differential Equations, 4th Edition

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